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Ultrasound-Guided Delivery of siRNA and a Chemotherapeutic Drug by Using Microbubble Complexes: In Vitro and In Vivo Evaluations in a Prostate Cancer Model

Bae YJ, Yoon YI, Yoon TJ, Lee HJ

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of ultrasound and microbubble-liposome complex (MLC)-mediated delivery of siRNA and doxorubicin into prostate cancer cells and its therapeutic capabilities both in vitro and in vivo. MATERIALS...
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Dual-Blocking of PI3K and mTOR Improves Chemotherapeutic Effects on SW620 Human Colorectal Cancer Stem Cells by Inducing Differentiation

Kim MJ, Koo JE, Han GY, Kim B, Lee YS, Ahn C, Kim CW

Cancer stem cells (CSCs) have tumor initiation, self-renewal, metastasis and chemo-resistance properties in various tumors including colorectal cancer. Targeting of CSCs may be essential to prevent relapse of tumors after...
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In Vitro Scolicidal Effects of Salvadora persica Root Extract against Protoscolices of Echinococcus granulosus

Abdel-Baki AAS, Almalki E, Mansour L, Al-Quarishy S

It has been known that Arak, Salvadora persica, has a number of medicinal properties. We tried to investigate in vitro scolicidal effect of root extracts of this plant against protoscolices...
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Effect of Nitric Oxide on the Expression of Matrix Metalloproteinase and Its Association with Migration of Cultured Trabecular Meshwork Cells

Kim JW

PURPOSE: To determine the effect of exogenous nitric oxide (NO) on the migration of trabecular meshwork (TM) cells and its association with expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). METHODS: Primary human TM...
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Anti-Proliferative and Apoptotic Activities of Mullerian Inhibiting Substance Combined with Calcitriol in Ovarian Cancer Cell Lines

Jung YS, Kim HJ, Seo SK, Choi YS, Nam EJ, Kim S, Kim SW, Han HD, Kim JW, Kim YT

PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate whether Mullerian inhibiting substance (MIS) in combination with calcitriol modulates proliferation and apoptosis of human ovarian cancer (OCa) cell lines (SKOV3, OVCAR3, and OVCA433)...
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The effects of nonyl phenoxypolyethoxyl ethanol on cell damage pathway gene expression in SK-NSH cells

Park S, Hwang IW, Kim JS, Kang HC, Park SY, Gil HW, Song HY, Hong SY

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Most pesticide formulations contain both chief and additive ingredients. But, the additives may not have been tested as thoroughly as the chief ingredients. The surfactant, nonyl phenoxypolyethoxylethanol (NP40), is...
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Resveratrol Inhibits Hypoxia-Induced Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Expression and Pathological Neovascularization

Lee CS, Choi EY, Lee SC, Koh HJ, Lee JH, Chung JH

PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of resveratrol on the expression of hypoxia-inducible factor 1alpha (HIF-1alpha) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in human adult retinal pigment epithelial (ARPE-19) cells, and...
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Influence of P53 on the radiotherapy response of hepatocellular carcinoma

Gomes AR, Abrantes A, Brito AF, Laranjo M, Casalta-Lopes JE, Goncalves , Sarmento-Ribeiro AB, Botelho MF, Tralhao JG

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common cancers worldwide, and it has a poor prognosis and few therapeutic options. Radiotherapy is one of the most effective forms...
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Involvement of the Ca2+ signaling pathway in osteoprotegerin inhibition of osteoclast differentiation and maturation

Fu Y, Gu J, Wang Y, Yuan Y, Liu X, Bian J, Liu ZP

The purpose of this study was to determine whether the Ca2+ signaling pathway is involved in the ability of osteoprotegerin (OPG) to inhibit osteoclast differentiation and maturation. RAW264.7 cells were...
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Protective effect of butylated hydroxylanisole against hydrogen peroxide-induced apoptosis in primary cultured mouse hepatocytes

Hwang GH, Jeon YJ, Han HJ, Park SH, Baek KM, Chang W, Kim JS, Kim LK, Lee YM, Lee S, Bae JS, Jee JG, Lee MY

Butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) is a synthetic phenolic compound consisting of a mixture of two isomeric organic compounds: 2-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyanisole and 3-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyanisole. We examined the effect of BHA against hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-induced...
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Combined treatment with silibinin and either sorafenib or gefitinib enhances their growth-inhibiting effects in hepatocellular carcinoma cells

Gu HR, Park SC, Choi SJ, Lee JC, Kim YC, Han CJ, Kim J, Yang KY, Kim YJ, Noh GY, No SH, Jeong JH

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Silibinin, the main component of silymarin, is used as a hepatoprotectant and exhibits anticancer effects against various cancer cells. This study evaluated the effects of a combination of silibinin...
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P70S6K and Elf4E Dual Inhibition Is Essential to Control Bladder Tumor Growth and Progression in Orthotopic Mouse Non-muscle Invasive Bladder Tumor Model

Chi BH, Kim SJ, Seo HK, Seo HH, Lee SJ, Kwon JK, Lee TJ, Chang IH

We investigated how the dual inhibition of the molecular mechanism of the mammalian target of the rapamycin (mTOR) downstreams, P70S6 kinase (P70S6K) and eukaryotic initiation factor 4E (eIF4E), can lead...
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Antileishmanial and Cytotoxic Effects of Essential Oil and Methanolic Extract of Myrtus communis L.

Mahmoudvand H, Ezzatkhah , Sharififar F, Sharifi I, Dezaki ES

Plants used for traditional medicine contain a wide range of substances that can be used to treat various diseases such as infectious diseases. The present study was designed to evaluate...
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beta-TrCP1 degradation is a novel action mechanism of PI3K/mTOR inhibitors in triple-negative breast cancer cells

Yi YW, Kang HJ, Bae EJ, Oh S, Seong YS, Bae I

An F-box protein, beta-TrCP recognizes substrate proteins and destabilizes them through ubiquitin-dependent proteolysis. It regulates the stability of diverse proteins and functions as either a tumor suppressor or an oncogene....
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The Effect of Bortezomib on Expression of Inflammatory Cytokines and Survival in a Murine Sepsis Model Induced by Cecal Ligation and Puncture

Han SH, Kim JS, Woo JH, Jeong SJ, Shin JS, Ahn YS, Kim JM

PURPOSE: Although the proteasome inhibitor known as bortezomib can modulate the inflammatory process through the nuclear factor-kappa B signaling pathway, the immunomodulatory effect of pre-incubated bortezomib has not been fully...
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Anthocyanin Induces Apoptosis of DU-145 Cells In Vitro and Inhibits Xenograft Growth of Prostate Cancer

Ha US, Bae WJ, Kim SJ, Yoon BI, Hong SH, Lee JY, Hwang TK, Hwang SY, Wang Z, Kim SW

PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of anthocyanins extracted from black soybean, which have antioxidant activity, on apoptosis in vitro (in hormone refractory prostate cancer cells) and on tumor growth in...
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N-acetylcysteine protects against cadmium-induced oxidative stress in rat hepatocytes

Wang J, Zhu H, Liu X, Liu Z

Cadmium (Cd) is a well-known hepatotoxic environmental pollutant. We used rat hepatocytes as a model to study oxidative damage induced by Cd, effects on the antioxidant systems, and the role...
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Synergistic Effect of Interleukin-6 and Hyaluronic Acid on Cell Migration and ERK Activation in Human Keratinocytes

Choi JH, Jun JH, Kim JH, Sung HJ, Lee JH

Wound healing is initiated and progressed by complex integrated process of cellular, physiologic, and biochemical events, such as inflammation, cell migration and proliferation. Interleukin 6 (IL-6) is a multifunctional cytokine,...
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2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-P-Dioxin Induced Cell-Specific Drug Transporters With Acquired Cisplatin Resistance in Cisplatin Sensitive Cancer Cells

Gotovdorj , Lee E, Lim Y, Cha EJ, Kwon D, Hong E, Kim Y, Oh MY

2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) can induce drug transporter genes such as the ATP-binding cassette G member 2 (ABCG2), which contributes to multidrug resistance. We investigated the effect of TCDD pretreatment on drug...
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A Novel Synthetic Compound 3-Amino-3-(4-Fluoro-Phenyl)-1H-Quinoline-2,4-Dione (KR22332) Exerts a Radioprotective Effect via the Inhibition of Mitochondrial Dysfunction and Generation of Reactive Oxygen Species

Baek SJ, Chang JW, Park KH, Yang GY, Hwang HS, Koh YW, Jung YS, Kim CH

PURPOSE: Acute side effects of radiation such as oral mucositis are observed in most patients. Although several potential radioprotective agents have been proposed, no effective agent has yet been identified....
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