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Asia Pacific Association of Allergy Asthma and Clinical Immunology White Paper 2020 on climate change, air pollution, and biodiversity in Asia-Pacific and impact on allergic diseases

Pawankar R, Wang JY, Wang IJ, Thien F, Chang YS, Latiff AH, Fujisawa T, Zhang L, Thong BY, Chatchatee P, Leung TF, Kamchaisatian W, Rengganis , Yoon HJ, Munkhbayarlakh S, Recto MT, Neo AG, Le Pham D, Lan LT, Davies JM, Oh JW

Air pollution, climate change, and reduced biodiversity are major threats to human health with detrimental effects on a variety of chronic noncommunicable diseases in particular respiratory and cardiovascular diseases. The...
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The diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease according to current guidelines

Kim HJ, Oh YM

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) should be considered in any patient who has dyspnea, chronic cough or sputum production, and/or a history of exposure to risk factors for the disease,...
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The biomass charcoal with reduced carbon monoxide emission decreases mortality after the biomass charcoal burning in mice

Park E, Sohn CH, Chung SW

OBJECTIVE: This study examined the effects on mortality and cell death after biomass charcoal combustion, in which carbon monoxide (CO) emissions were reduced using a biomass combustion improver in mice. METHODS:...
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An in vitro model of Fusobacterium nucleatum and Porphyromonas gingivalis in single- and dual-species biofilms

Tavares LJ, Klein MI, Panariello BHD, Dorigatti de Avila E, Pavarina A

PURPOSE: The goal of this study was to develop and validate a standardized in vitro pathogenic biofilm attached onto saliva-coated surfaces. METHODS: Fusobacterium nucleatum (F. nucleatum) and Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. gingivalis)...
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Morphological Characteristic Regulation of Ligninolytic Enzyme Produced by Trametes polyzona

Lueangjaroenkit P, Teerapatsakul C, Chitradon

A newly isolated white rot fungal strain KU-RNW027 was identified as Trametes polyzona, based on an analysis of its morphological characteristics and phylogenetic data. Aeration and fungal morphology were important...
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The Mysuru stUdies of Determinants of Health in Rural Adults (MUDHRA), India

Mahesh PA, Lokesh KS, Madhivanan P, Chaya SK, Jayaraj BS, Ganguly K, Krishna M

Between 2006 and 2010, in 16 randomly selected villages in rural areas of Mysore district, in south India, 8,457 subjects aged 30 and above were screened for symptoms of chronic...
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Influence of the Culture Media and the Organic Matter in the Growth of Paxillus ammoniavirescens (Contu & Dessi)

Cagigal EF, Sánchez A

The genus Paxillus is characterized by the difficulty of species identification, which results in reproducibility problems, as well as the need for large quantities of fungal inoculum. In particular, studies...
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Production of Recombinant Anti-Cancer Vaccines in Plants

Lee JH, Ko K

Plant expression systems have been developed to produce anti-cancer vaccines. Plants have several advantages as bioreactors for the production of subunit vaccines: they are considered safe, and may be used...
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Heavy Metals Biosorption from Aqueous Solution by Endophytic Drechslera hawaiiensis of Morus alba L. Derived from Heavy Metals Habitats

El-Gendy M, Hassanein , Abd El-Hay Ibrahim H, Abd El-Baky DH

The ability of dead cells of endophytic Drechslera hawaiiensis of Morus alba L. grown in heavy metals habitats for bioremoval of cadmium (Cd²⁺), copper (Cu²⁺), and lead (Pb²⁺) in aqueous...
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Anti-inflammatory activity of a sulfated polysaccharide isolated from an enzymatic digest of brown seaweed Sargassum horneri in RAW 264.7 cells

Sanjeewa K, Fernando I, Kim EA, Ahn G, Jee Y, Jeon YJ

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Sargassum horneri is an edible brown alga that grows in the subtidal zone as an annual species along the coasts of South Korea, China, and Japan. Recently, an extreme...
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Biofilm formation on denture base resin including ZnO, CaO, and TiOâ‚‚ nanoparticles

Anwander M, Rosentritt M, Schneider-Feyrer S, Hahnel S

PURPOSE: This laboratory study aimed to investigate the effect of doping an acrylic denture base resin material with nanoparticles of ZnO, CaO, and TiOâ‚‚ on biofilm formation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Standardized...
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The asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease overlap syndrome in tertiary care setting Thailand

Kawamatawong T, Charoenniwassakul S, Rerkpattanapipat T

BACKGROUND: Asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) overlap syndrome (ACOS) is an increasingly recognized clinical entity. ACOS significantly impacts on patient outcome compared to isolated asthma or COPD. However,...
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Asthma-COPD Overlap Syndrome: What We Know and What We Don't

Sin DD

Approximately one in four patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have asthmatic features consisting of wheezing, airway hyper-responsiveness or atopy. The Global initiative for Asthma/Globalinitiative for chronic Obstructive Lung...
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Colonic Transit Time Is a Driven Force of the Gut Microbiota Composition and Metabolism: In Vitro Evidence

Tottey W, Feria-Gervasio D, Gaci N, Laillet B, Pujos E, Martin JF, Sebedio JL, Sion B, Jarrige JF, Alric M, Brugère J

  • KMID: 2367464
  • J Neurogastroenterol Motil.
  • 2017 Jan;23(1):124-134.
  • doi: 10.5056/jnm16042
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Human gut microbiota harbors numerous metabolic properties essential for the host's health. Increased intestinal transit time affects a part of the population and is notably observed with human aging,...
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The Prevalence of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease and the Determinants of Underdiagnosis in Women Exposed to Biomass Fuel in India- a Cross Section Study

KalagoudaMahishale V, Angadi N, Metgudmath V, Lolly M, Eti A, Khan S

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Tobacco smoking has been established as a major risk factor for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in women of developing countries, but emerging evidence suggests that biomass...
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Antifungal effects of synthetic human β-defensin 3-C15 peptide

Lim SM, Ahn KB, Kim C, Kum JW, Perinpanayagam H, Gu Y, Yoo YJ, Chang SW, Han SH, Shon WJ, Lee W, Baek SH, Zhu Q, Kum KY

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this ex vivo study was to compare the antifungal activity of a synthetic peptide consisting of 15 amino acids at the C-terminus of human β-defensin 3...
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Ethanol Production from Various Sugars and Cellulosic Biomass by White Rot Fungus Lenzites betulinus

Im KH, Nguyen TK, Choi J, Lee TS

Lenzites betulinus, known as gilled polypore belongs to Basidiomycota was isolated from fruiting body on broadleaf dead trees. It was found that the mycelia of white rot fungus Lenzites betulinus...
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Physiological Regulation of an Alkaline-Resistant Laccase Produced by Perenniporia tephropora and Efficiency in Biotreatment of Pulp Mill Effluent

Teerapatsakul C, Chitradon

Regulation of alkaline-resistant laccase from Perenniporia tephropora KU-Alk4 was proved to be controlled by several factors. One important factor was the initial pH, which drove the fungus to produce different...
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A Comprehensive Review of Tropical Milky White Mushroom (Calocybe indica P&C)

Subbiah KA, Balan V

A compressive description of tropical milky white mushroom (Calocybe indica P&C var. APK2) is provided in this review. This mushroom variety was first identified in the eastern Indian state of...
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Enhancement of beta-Glucosidase Activity from a Brown Rot Fungus Fomitopsis pinicola KCTC 6208 by Medium Optimization

Park AR, Park JH, Ahn HJ, Jang JY, Yu BJ, Um BH, Yoon JJ

beta-Glucosidase, which hydrolyzes cellobiose into two glucoses, plays an important role in the process of saccharification of the lignocellulosic biomass. In this study, we optimized the activity of beta-glucosidase of...
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