J Korean Med Sci.  1995 Aug;10(4):263-268. 10.3346/jkms.1995.10.4.263.

Osteocalcin expression in primary bone tumors: in situ hybridization and immunohistochemical study

  • 1Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Korea.


Osteocalcin is one of the most abundant noncollagenous proteins found in adult bone. It is a highly conserved gamma-carboxyglutamic acid-containing protein that is believed to be produced exclusively by osteoblasts. In this study, intracellular and extracellular localization of osteocalcin in osteosarcoma was examined with anti-osteocalcin antibody and in situ hybridization using a synthetic oligonucleotide. Immunohistochemically, osteoblastic osteosarcomas were all positive for osteocalcin. The chondroblastic osteosarcomas were positive on the neoplastic chondrocytes. The five fibroblastic osteosarcomas out of seven were positive for osteocalcin immunostaining over the neoplastic spindle cells. Five cases of osteoblastic osteosarcomas out of seven were positive for osteocalcin in situ hybridization. Two cases of chondroblastic osteosarcomas and three cases of fibroblastic osteosarcomas were positive for in situ demonstration of osteocalcin. The malignant tumor giant cells were positive for osteocalcin immunostaining 83%. They were also positive for in situ hybridization. The benign giant cells in five giant cell tumors and five aneurysmal bone cysts were negative for osteocalcin immunostaining. The benign giant cells in three chondroblastoma and three Paget's disease were positive for osteocalcin. In this study, the osteocalcin in situ hybridization and immunostaining has very important meaning for making differential diagnoses of, especially giant cell rich bone forming tumors.


Osteocalcin; Osteosarcoma; Giant cell tumor; In situ hybridization; Immunohistochemistry

MeSH Terms

Base Sequence
Bone Neoplasms/*chemistry
In Situ Hybridization
Molecular Sequence Data
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