Ann Surg Treat Res.  2022 Jan;102(1):20-28. 10.4174/astr.2022.102.1.20.

Risk factors deteriorating severe exocrine pancreatic insufficiency measured by stool elastase after pancreatoduodenectomy and the risk factors for weight loss

  • 1Department of Surgery, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea


The measurement of stool elastase (SE) level is useful for evaluating pancreatic exocrine function. This study aimed to determine the risk factors for severe exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI) after pancreatoduodenectomy (PD), and analyze serial changes in nutritional markers and weight based on the SE level.
Among patients who underwent PD for periampullary disease, patients whose preoperative and postoperative SE levels were measured were included in the study. The deteriorated (exocrine function) group comprised patients whose SE levels decreased from ≥100 µg/g preoperatively to <100 µg/g postoperatively. Patients whose weight 12 months postoperatively was greater than that 3 months postoperatively were classified into the weight-recovery group.
Of the 202 included patients, the deteriorated group had a higher incidence of preoperative SE level above 200 μg/ g, benign pathology, and the presence of a clinically relevant postoperative pancreatic fistula than the maintained group. Patients who did not undergo weight recovery had a higher rate of history of adjuvant radiotherapy compared to the norecovery group.
The evaluation of EPI by measuring SE alone is not sufficient because it does not reflect the nutritional status of patients, and a comprehensive approach that considers other parameters is required for EPI management.


Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency; Pancreatoduodenectomy; Risk factors; Stool elastase; Weight loss
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