Korean J Radiol.  2021 Dec;22(12):2006-2016. 10.3348/kjr.2021.0022.

Ultrasonography-Guided Common Musculoskeletal Interventions from Head to Toe: Procedural Tips for General Radiologists

  • 1Department of Radiology, Royal Adelaide Hospital, Adelaide, Australia
  • 2Department of Radiology, The University of Adelaide, School of Medicine, Adelaide, Australia
  • 3Benson Radiology, Wayville, Australia
  • 4Department of Radiology, Flinders University, School of Medicine Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia


The expanding scope of interventional musculoskeletal procedures has resulted in increased pressure on general radiologists. The confidence of general radiologists in performing ultrasound-guided musculoskeletal procedures varies with their clinical exposure. This didactic review provides a methodologically and clinically oriented approach to enhancing user understanding and confidence in performing ultrasound-guided musculoskeletal procedures. The body of the text is accompanied by figures depicting the procedural approach, injection site, and labeled ultrasonography images. This paper aims to provide a teaching and bedside aid for education on and the execution of musculoskeletal procedures to ensure the provision of quality health care.


Diagnostic imaging; Education; Musculoskeletal intervention; Interventional radiology; Ultrasound; Ultrasonography
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