J Adv Prosthodont.  2021 Aug;13(4):205-215. 10.4047/jap.2021.13.4.205.

Effect of different arch widths on the accuracy of three intraoral scanners

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Prosthetic Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, Songkhla, Thailand

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to compare the accuracy of three intraoral scanner (IOS) systems with three different dental arch widths.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
Three dental models with different intermolar widths (small, medium, and large) were attached to metal bars of different lengths (30, 40, and 50 mm). The bars were measured with a coordinate measuring machine and used as references. Three IOSs were compared: TRIOS 3 (TRI), True Definition (TD), and Dental Wings (DW). The relative length and angular deviation of both ends of the metal bars from the scan data set (n = 15) were calculated and analyzed.
RESULTS
Comparing among scanners in terms of trueness, the relative length deviation of DW in the small (1.28%) and medium (1.08%) arches were significantly higher than TRI (0.46% and 0.48%) and TD (0.33% and 0.18%). The angular deviation of DW in the small (1.75°) and medium (1.83°) arches were also significantly greater than TRI (0.63° and 0.40°) and TD (0.55° and 0.89°). Comparing within scanner, the large arch of DW showed better accuracy than other arch sizes (P < .05). On the other hand, the larger arch of TD presented a greater tendency of angular deviation in terms of trueness. No significant differences were found in terms of trueness between the arch widths of TRI group.
CONCLUSION
The different widths of the dental arches can affect the accuracy of some intraoral scanners in full arch scan.

Keyword

Intraoral scanner; Accuracy; Digital impression; Arch width; Arch size
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