J Korean Soc Biol Ther Psychiatry.  2021 Jun;27(2):112-123.

The Comparison of Prevalence and Patterns of Sexual Dysfunction between Patients with Schizophrenia and Healthy Controls

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Psychiatry, Bongseng Memorial Hospital, Busan, Korea
  • 2Anlakhan Psychiatry Clinic, Busan, Korea

Abstract


Objectives
:Sexual dysfunction is common in both untreated and treated patients with schizophrenia and known as affecting the quality of life and drug compliance. The primary objective of this study is to estimate the prevalence of sexual dysfunction in Korean patients with schizophrenia treated with antipsychotic medications compared with healthy controls.
Methods
:Subjects were 75 patients who were recruited from outpatients with a diagnosis of schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder according to DSM-IV-TR criteria, who had been stabilized on antipsychotic medications for more than three consecutive months. Control group consisted of 76 volunteers without history of any psychiatric disorder were excluded. We assessed for sexual dysfunction by the ASEX.
Results
:The prevalence of sexual dysfunction in the patient group was 57.33%, while that of the control group was 23.37%. Female gender and the use of antidepressants were best predictors of sexual dysfunction in patient group. Sexual difference at sexual drive observed in the control group diminished in the patient group.
Conclusion
:The present study demonstrated a higher prevalence of sexual dysfunction in patient group than control. Clinicians should consider the differential sexual dysfunction effects of antipsychotics when prescribing medications.

Keyword

Schizophrenia; Sexual dysfunction; Physiological; Antipsychotics; Sex difference
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