Korean J Occup Health Nurs.  2021 May;30(2):46-56. 10.5807/kjohn.2021.30.2.46.

Factors Influencing the Turnover Intention of COVID-19 Ward and General Ward Nurses in Public Hospitals

Affiliations
  • 1Graduate Student, Graduate School, Gangneung-Wonju National University, Wonju, Korea
  • 2Professor, Department of Nursing, Gangneung-Wonju National University, Wonju, Korea
  • 3Assistant Professor, Department of Nursing, Gangneung-Wonju National University, Wonju, Korea
  • 4Associate Professor, Department of Nursing, Gangneung-Wonju National University, Wonju, Korea

Abstract

Purpose
This study aimed to determine the factors influencing the turnover intention of nurses in coronavirus disease (COVID-19) and general wards.
Methods
Data were collected through a survey of 340 nurses at seven public hospitals in Gyeonggi Province from October 12 to October 30 in 2020. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-tests, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficient and multiple regression.
Results
The job demand stress of nurses in COVID-19 wards was 63.99±8.05 points, which was lower than 65.77±7.35 points of nurses in general wards. The turnover intention of nurses in COVID-19 wards was 3.24±0.74 points, which was higher than the 3.06±0.67 points of those in general wards. The multiple regression analysis indicates that the factors affecting the turnover intention of the two groups (COVID-19 and general wards) were type of wards (β=-.15, p<.001), age (COVID-19 wards: β=-.37, p<.001, General wards: β=-.40, p<.001), job resource stress (COVID-19 wards: β=.52, p<.001, general indicates: β=.60, p<.001), and clinical experience in present wards (COVID-19: β=.13, p=.021).
Conclusion
The results indicate that nurses who care for COVID-19 patients have higher turnover intentions than general nurses and suggests that a decrease in the job resource stress is vital for reducing nurse turnover intentions.

Keyword

COVID-19 (Coronavirus disease of 2019); Turnover intention; Nurses; Public hospital
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