Ann Dermatol.  2021 Jun;33(3):222-227. 10.5021/ad.2021.33.3.222.

Hydroa Vacciniforme-Like Lymphoproliferative Disorder in Korea: Prognostic Implication of Clinical Signs and Whole Blood Epstein-Barr Virus DNA

Affiliations
  • 1Departments of Dermatology , Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
  • 2Departments of Pathology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea

Abstract

Background
Hydroa vacciniforme-like lymphoproliferative disorder (HVLPD) is rare Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated disease. The classic form of HVLPD is a self-resolving disease, whereas the systemic form can progress to malignant lymphoma, resulting in fatal outcomes. However, the prognostic factors remain unclear. Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the clinical characteristics of HVLPD and the association between whole blood EBV DNA and clinical outcomes.
Methods
We retrospectively reviewed our 25-year experience involving 11 patients with HVLPD from a single tertiary center in South Korea and evaluated the clinical characteristics of HVLPD and the correlation between whole blood EBV DNA and clinical outcomes.
Results
Of the total 11 patients, 54.5% (6/11) manifested classic HVLPD that resolved with conservative treatment, while 45.5% (5/11) patients had systemic HVLPD, four of whom died of progressive disease or hemophagocytic syndrome. Five patients with systemic HVLPD manifested severe skin lesions such as prominent facial edema, deep ulcers and necrotic skin lesions involving sun-protected areas. Median EBV DNA levels at initial diagnosis were higher in three dead patients than in those alive (2,290 vs. 186.62 copies/μl).
Conclusion
When EBV DNA levels were high, patients showed severe skin lesions and when EBV DNA levels were low, skin lesions tended to improve. Thus, patients with high EBV DNA levels showed an increased risk of severe skin lesions and disease progression.

Keyword

DNA; Epstein-Barr virus; Hydroa vacciniforme; Lymphoma; Prognosis
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