Korean J Gastroenterol.  2020 Nov;76(5):232-237. 10.4166/kjg.2020.139.

Prevention of Non-steroidal Anti-inflammatory Drug-induced Peptic Ulcers

Affiliations
  • 1Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, Incheon St. Mary’s Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea

Abstract

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) are some of the most commonly prescribed medications in clinical practice. The long-term use of NSAIDs is one of the main causes of peptic ulcers and the increased risk of upper gastrointestinal tract complications, such as perforation and bleeding. Thus, the prevention of NSAID-induced peptic ulcers is an important clinical issue. Previous studies have evaluated various strategies for preventing ulcers in patients requiring prolonged NSAID use. The Korean clinical practice guidelines have been published recently based on the evidence of the currently available data. This review describes the strategies for the prevention of peptic ulcers due to NSAID. An assessment of the risk factors for peptic ulcers from NSAID is recommended to identify patients who should be considered for primary prophylaxis. The risk of NSAID-induced peptic ulcers can be reduced by the concomitant use of proton pump inhibitors (PPI), misoprostol, and histamine-2 receptor antagonists. Selective cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors can be used with caution due to concerns regarding cardiovascular toxicity. Attempts should be made to use the lowest dose and shortest duration of the NSAID.

Keyword

Anti-inflammatory agents; non-steroidal; Peptic ulcer; Primary prevention
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