Radiat Oncol J.  2020 Sep;38(3):198-206. 10.3857/roj.2020.00346.

Survival and long-term toxicities of pediatric Hodgkin lymphoma after combined modality treatment: a single institute experience

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Radiation Oncology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
  • 2Department of Pediatrics, Asan Medical Center Children’s Hospital, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea

Abstract

Purpose
To analyze the clinical outcomes and long-term toxicity of pediatric patients with Hodgkin lymphoma after combined-modality treatment (CMT) with involved-field or involved-nodal radiotherapy (RT).
Materials and Methods
We retrospectively reviewed the records of 27 pediatric Hodgkin lymphoma patients who received CMT at a single institution between January 1990 and July 2017. Patients with stage I–III received a heterogeneous chemotherapy regimen depending on their risk group followed by 19.8–36 Gy RT, with the dose based on their response to the chemotherapy before RT. An optional 9–20 Gy boost was delivered to residual sites. The risk group was determined based on the initial stage, the presence of bulky disease, and any B symptoms. We evaluated overall survival, event-free survival, and long-term toxicities.
Results
A total of 27 patients completed the CMT. At a median follow-up of 125 months (range, 9 to 337 months), the estimated 5-year event-free survival and overall survival were 88.9% and 96.3%, respectively. Late symptomatic cardiopulmonary toxicity was not observed, and only one patient was positive on a subclinical obstructive pulmonary function test. The incidence of hypothyroidism was 58.3% among 12 patients with an available thyroid function test. There was one papillary thyroid cancer diagnosed 7.2 years after treatment.
Conclusion
CMT for pediatric Hodgkin lymphoma with involved-field and involved-nodal RT achieved an excellent survival with only modest long-term toxicity. Smaller-field RT seemed to decrease long-term toxicities and had good local control.

Keyword

Pediatrics; Hodgkin Disease; Radiotherapy; Survival; Long-term adverse effects
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