Urogenit Tract Infect.  2020 Aug;15(2):57-62. 10.14777/uti.2020.15.2.57.

Korean Translation of the GRADE Series Published in the BMJ, ‘GRADE: Incorporating Considerations of Resources Use into Grading Recommendations’ (A Secondary Publication)

  • 1Department of Urology, College of Medicine, Konyang University, Daejeon, Korea
  • 2Department of Urology, Yonsei University Wonju College of Medicine, Wonju, Korea
  • 3Institute of Evidence Based Medicine, Yonsei University Wonju College of Medicine, Wonju, Korea
  • 4Department of Urology, Soonchunhyang University Seoul Hospital, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
  • 5Department of Urology, Chungbuk National University College of Medicine, Cheongju, Korea
  • 6Department of Urology, Pusan National University Hospital, Busan, Korea
  • 7Department of Urology, Daegu Catholic University School of Medicine, Daegu, Korea
  • 8Department of Urology, Chonnam National University Hwasun Hospital, Chonnam National University Medical School, Hwasun, Korea


This article is the fifth translation of a GRADE series published in the BMJ for incorporating the considerations of resources use into grading recommendations. Clinical recommendations inevitably involve judgments about the allocation of resources use (costs). Although costs differ from typical healthcare outcomes, such as mortality, morbidity, and quality of life, costs are another potentially important outcome that differs across and within a jurisdiction. A balance sheet is a useful method for determining if the net benefits are worth the incremental costs. Resource use, not just monetary values, should always be presented in an evidence profile. Formal economic modeling may or may not help judge the certainty of the evidence for resource use.

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