Transl Clin Pharmacol.  2020 Mar;28(1):55-65. 10.12793/tcp.2020.28.e5.

Evaluation of pharmacokinetic interactions between amoxicillin, clarithromycin, and the potassium-competitive acid blocker YH4808 in healthy subjects

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Pharmacology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul 03722, Korea
  • 2Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul 03722, Korea
  • 3Yuhan Research Institute, Yuhan Corporation, Seoul 06927, Korea
  • 4Department of Pediatrics, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul 03722, Korea

Abstract

YH4808 is a novel potassium-competitive acid blocker that was developed as a therapeutic agent for gastric acid-related diseases; it may replace proton pump inhibitors, which are widely used in combination with amoxicillin and clarithromycin for Helicobacter pylori eradication. We compared the pharmacokinetic (PK) profiles and safety of amoxicillin, clarithromycin, and YH4808 used as monotherapies or in combination for evaluating potential drug interactions. An open-label, randomized, single-dose, Latin-square (4 × 4) crossover study was conducted in 32 healthy Korean volunteers. Subjects were randomly assigned to one of the 4 treatment sequences that consisted of 4 periods separated by 21-day washout intervals. PK parameters of YH4808, amoxicillin and clarithromycin administered in combination were compared with those of the respective monotherapies. The geometric mean ratios of the maximum concentration (Cmax) and the area under the time-concentration curve from time zero to time of the last quantifiable concentration (AUClast) of YH4808 increased during the triple therapy by 48.6% and 29.1%, respectively. Similarly, the Cmax and AUClast of M3 (active metabolite of YH4808) increased by 23.3% and 16.0%, respectively. The Cmax and AUClast of clarithromycin increased by 27.4% and 30.5%, and those of 14-hydroxyclarithromycin were increased by 23.1% and 32.4%, respectively. The corresponding amoxicillin values decreased during the triple therapy by 21.5% and 15.6%, respectively. There was no clinically significant change in safety assessment related to either monotherapies or triple therapy. In conclusion, amoxicillin, clarithromycin and YH4808 administered as triple therapy did not exhibit significant PK interactions and were not associated with safety issues.

Keyword

Helicobacter pylori; Triple therapy; Potassium-competitive acid blocker; Pharmacokinetics; Drug interactions
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