J Adv Prosthodont.  2020 Jun;12(3):150-156. 10.4047/jap.2020.12.3.150.

Effect of surface finishing treatments on the color stability of CAD/CAM materials

Affiliations
  • 1Prosthodontics, Private Practice, Denizli, Turkey
  • 2Department of Prosthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Gaziantep University, Gaziantep, Turkey

Abstract

PURPOSE
. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of different surface finishing processes on the color stabilities of lithium disilicate glass-ceramics, zirconia-reinforced lithium silicate ceramics, and resin nanoceramics after artificial ageing.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
. 216 samples were prepared from 3 different CAD/CAM materials (LAVA Ultimate, IPS e.max CAD, VITA Suprinity) with A1 HT color at a size of 14 × 12 mm and a thickness of 0.5 ± 0.05 mm. Color measurements of the samples were performed with a spectrophotometer using color parameters and CIE Lab color system on a gray backing between baseline color and after 5000 cycles of artificial ageing in 4 stages (i.e. the first measurement before the treatment, the second measurement after polishing, the third measurement after cement application, and the fourth measurement after artificial ageing). The results were evaluated using the Variance analysis and Fisher’s LSD test.
RESULTS
. Resin nanoceramics (LU) exhibited higher color change values than zirconia-reinforced lithium silicate (VS) and lithium disilicate (EC) ceramics after artificial ageing. Manual polishing and glazing resulted in similar color change for LU and VS (P>.05). In the EC group, glazing provided statistically different results as compared to the manual polishing and control groups (P<.05). Among the ceramic groups, color change values of the subgroup, which was treated by glazing, of the zirconia-reinforced lithium silicate (VS) and lithium disilicate (EC) samples were below the clinically acceptable level (ΔE < 3.5).
CONCLUSION
. The lowest color change for all stages was observed in Vita Suprinity.

Keyword

CAD/CAM; Ceramics; Surface finishing processes; Color stability
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