J Adv Prosthodont.  2020 Jun;12(3):124-130. 10.4047/jap.2020.12.3.124.

Evaluation of marginal discrepancy in metal frameworks fabricated by sintering-based computer-aided manufacturing methods

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Dentistry Services, Vocational School of Health Services, Ondokuz Mayıs University, Samsun, Turkey
  • 2Department of Prosthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Ondokuz Mayıs University, Samsun, Turkey
  • 3Department of Prosthodontics, School of Dental Medicine, Bahçeşehir University, İstanbul, Turkey

Abstract

PURPOSE
. The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effect of sintering procedures on marginal discrepancies of fixed partial metal frameworks fabricated using different sintering-based computer-aided design and computer/aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) techniques.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
. Forty resin die models of prepared premolar and molar abutment teeth were fabricated using a three-dimensional (3D) printer and divided into four groups (n = 10) according to the fabrication method of metal frameworks used: HM (via hard milling), SM (via soft metal milling), L25 (via direct metal laser melting [DMLM] with a 25 μm layer thickness), and L50 (via direct DMLM with a 50 μm layer thickness). After the metal frameworks were fabricated and cemented, five vertical marginal discrepancy measurements were recorded in each site (i.e., buccal, facing the pontic, lingual, and facing away from the pontic) of both abutment teeth under a stereomicroscope (×40). Data were statistically analyzed at a significance level of 0.05.
RESULTS
. No statistically significant differences (P>.05) were found among the four axial sites of metal frameworks fabricated by sintering-based CAD/CAM techniques. The HM and L25 groups showed significantly (P<.001) lower marginal discrepancy values than the SM and L50 groups.
CONCLUSION
. Marginal discrepancy in the sites facing the pontic was not influenced by the type of sintering procedure. All fabrication methods exhibited clinically acceptable results in terms of marginal discrepancies.

Keyword

Laser sintering; Metal framework; Marginal discrepancy; Soft metal milling
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