Korean J Women Health Nurs.  2020 Mar;26(1):93-103. 10.4069/kjwhn.2020.03.23.

Unmet healthcare needs and related factors according to gender differences in single-person households

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Nursing, Joongbu University, Geumsan, Korea
  • 2Department of Nursing, Hannam University, Daejeon, Korea

Abstract

Purpose
This study was conducted to identify unmet healthcare needs among male and female one-person households and to explore related factors by gender.
Methods
Data were drawn from the 2017 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. The final sample consisted of 820 one-person households. The statistical analysis, conducted in SPSS version 20.1, included complex sampling analysis; descriptive statistics, the chi-square test, and logistic regression.
Results
The demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of women in one-person households were significantly different from those of men in one-person households. Women in single-person households were mainly in their 70s or older and married, and they tended to have a low education level, low income, and no formal occupation. Unmet healthcare needs were experienced by 17.3% of women in one-person households and 13.5% of men in one-person households, which was not a statistically significant difference (χ2=2.17, p=.139). Factors related to unmet healthcare needs were subjective health status and unmet dental care needs in single-person-household men. By contrast, having experienced impairment within the past year, stress, and unmet dental care needs were factors related to unmet healthcare needs in single-person-household women.
Conclusion
As one-person households become increasingly common, more attention needs to be paid to them and our understanding of them needs to be improved. Women in one-person households, in particular, are especially vulnerable, as they experience more unmet healthcare needs.

Keyword

One-person household; Women; Assessment of healthcare needs; Health services availability; 1인 가구; 여성; 의료 요구 사정; 의료 서비스 이용
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