Korean J Fam Pract.  2022 Apr;12(2):79-85. 10.21215/kjfp.2022.12.2.79.

Comparison of Heavy Smoking and Related Risk Factors for One-Person and Multi-Person Households

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Family Medicine, Yeungnam University Medical Center, Daegu, Korea

Abstract

Background
This study investigated associated factors of heavy smoking in one-person and multi-person households.
Methods
The study participants comprised 7,984 adults aged 19 years and older who were current smokers and participated in the 5thโ€“7th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. General linear analysis and multinomial logistic regression analysis were performed to estimate associated factors for heavy smoking in single and multi-person households.
Results
Multinomial logistic regression analysis showed that the age, gender, educational level, marriage status, age of starting smoking, and smoking period were associated with heavy smoking in single-person households. Meanwhile, in multi-person households, age, gender, education level, marriage status, job, regular exercise, obesity, depression, stress, alcohol drinking, age of starting smoking, and smoking period were associated with heavy smoking.
Conclusion
Single-person households had a higher risk of heavy smoking than multi-person households. In both single-person and multi-person households, those aged in their 40s, males, spouses, those who started smoking before the age of 19 years, and those with a longer smoking period were at a higher risk of heavy smoking. Regarding multi-person households, those aged in their 30sโ€“60s; white-collar workers; engaged in regular exercise; and experiencing obesity, depression, and stress were at a higher risk of heavy smoking. Therefore, it is necessary to consider household type in smoking prevention and cessation policies.

Keyword

Smoking; Smoking Cessation; Family Characteristics; Single Person
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