Korean J Women Health Nurs.  2019 Sep;25(3):299-314. 10.4069/kjwhn.2019.25.3.299.

Health Behavior, Health Service Use, and Health Related Quality of Life of Adult Women in One-person and Multi-person Households

  • 1Assistant Professor, Department of Nursing, Joongbu University, Geumsan, Korea.
  • 2Associate Professor, Department of Nursing, Hannam University, Daejeon, Korea. mijong@hnu.kr


This study was to identify health behavior, health service use, and health related quality of life of adult women in one-person and multi-person households.
It was used data from the 7th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES VII-2017). Subjects were 2,522 women with age of 19 to 64 years in 2017. Complex sampling design and data analysis were performed using SPSS 20.1.
Women in one-person households had higher rates of alcohol drinking (χ²=13.77, p=.003), smoking (χ²=16.07, p=.001), unmet medical care (χ²=8.77, p=.004) and non-practice of cancer screening (χ²=13.77, p=.003) compared to women in multi-person households. Health-related quality of life was also lower for women in one-person households (t=−2.46, p=.015). Factors affecting health-related quality of life in one-person households were household income, job status, and unmet dental care, having 32.4% explanatory power. One-person household women with low incomes, no jobs, and unmet dental care showed low health-related quality of life. In comparison, factors affecting health-related quality of life of women in multi-person household women were age, education level, unmet medical care, and unmet dental care, having 10.4% explaining power. Women in multi-person households with age of 60-64, low education level, unmet medical care, and unmet dental care showed low health-related quality of life.
Health promotion strategies should be developed based on unique understanding of social, economic, and health of adult women in one-person and multi-person households.


Family characteristics; Women; Health behavior; Health services; Health-related quality of life

MeSH Terms

Alcohol Drinking
Dental Care
Early Detection of Cancer
Family Characteristics*
Health Behavior*
Health Promotion
Health Services*
Nutrition Surveys
Quality of Life*
Statistics as Topic

Cited by  2 articles

Hyun Ju Chae, Mijong Kim
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Unmet healthcare needs and related factors according to gender differences in single-person households
Hyun Ju Chae, Mijong Kim
Korean J Women Health Nurs. 2020;26(1):93-103.    doi: 10.4069/kjwhn.2020.03.23.


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