J Korean Acad Nurs Adm.  2020 Jan;26(1):65-72. 10.11111/jkana.2020.26.1.65.

Influence of Secondary Trauma Stress, and Vocation on Turnover Intention of Nurses in Regional Trauma Centers

Affiliations
  • 1RN, Department of Nursing, Gachon University Gil Medical Center, Korea.
  • 2Associate Professor, College of Nursing, Gachon University, Korea. kimjisoo@gachon.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
This study was done to examine the influence of secondary trauma stress, and vocation on turnover intention of nurses in regional trauma centers.
METHODS
For this study a descriptive cross-sectional study using questionnaires was used. Data were collected from 170 nurses working in regional trauma centers in 10 hospitals. Data collection period was March and April, 2019.
RESULTS
The mean score for secondary trauma stress was 27.66 out of 50, vocation, 36.04 out of 54, and turnover intention, 31.08 out of 45. Secondary trauma stress was positively related to turnover intention (r=.27, p<.001), whereas vocation was negatively related to turnover intention among trauma nurses (r=−.26, p=.001). In multiple regression analysis, vocation was associated with turnover intention among trauma nurses (β=−.22, p=.001), however secondary trauma stress was not related. Among the adjusted confounding variables, job stress (β=.56, p<.001), and in case of selection of trauma center voluntarily (β=−.13, p=.035) was also associated with turnover intention.
CONCLUSION
The study results suggest that higher vocation was associated lower turnover intention among trauma nurses. To reduce the turnover intention among trauma nurses, it is necessary to encourage trauma nurses' vocation with administrative support.

Keyword

Nurses; Trauma center; Vocation

MeSH Terms

Compassion Fatigue*
Confounding Factors (Epidemiology)
Cross-Sectional Studies
Data Collection
Intention*
Occupations*
Trauma Centers*
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