J Korean Acad Nurs Adm.  2020 Jan;26(1):22-30. 10.11111/jkana.2020.26.1.22.

Mediating Effects of Resilience between Nurse's Character and Happiness for Nurses in General Hospitals

  • 1Professor, College of Nursing, Konyang University, Korea.
  • 2Assistant Professor, College of Nursing, Konyang University, Korea. ojw77@konyang.ac.kr
  • 3Assistant Professor, College of Nursing, Seoul Women's University, Korea.


This study was done to identify the mediating effect of resilience on the relationship between nurse's character and happiness for nurses in general hospitals.
Participants were 139 nurses working in general hospitals. A survey was used and data were collected in April 2019. Data were analyzed using the IBM SPSS/WIN 22.0 program.
The significant predictors for the happiness of nurses were nurse's character (β=.56) and resilience (β=.80). These variables explained 67% of the variance in happiness of nurses. Also, resilience had a total mediating effect on the relationship between nurse's character and happiness.
Findings indicate that nurse's character and resilience are important factors for the happiness of nurses in general hospitals.


Character; Happiness; Nurses; Resilience

MeSH Terms

Hospitals, General*


  • Figure 1 Conceptual framework.


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