Osong Public Health Res Perspect.  2019 Dec;10(6):359-367. 10.24171/j.phrp.2019.10.6.06.

Study of the Relationship Between Self-Efficacy, General Health and Burnout Among Iranian Health Workers

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Public Health, School of Public Health, Shahroud University of Medical Sciences. Shahroud, Iran.
  • 2Department of Management, Shahrood Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shahrood, Iran.
  • 3Deputy of Management and Resources, Shahroud University of Medical Sciences, Shahroud, Iran.
  • 4Department of English Language Teaching, Shahid Beheshti Campus, Farhangian University, Mashhad, Iran.
  • 5Center for Health Related Social and Behavioral Sciences Research, Shahroud University of Medical Sciences, Shahroud, Iran. khosravi2000us@yahoo.com

Abstract


OBJECTIVES
To evaluate the relationship between self-efficacy, general health and burnout of the staff at Shahroud University of Medical Sciences.
METHODS
In 2015, 249 staff at Shahroud University of Medical Sciences (from a total reference population of 520 staff members) were selected through stratified random sampling. To collect the data, Sherer self-efficacy Scale, General Health Questionnaire and Maslach Burnout Inventory were used. The collected data were analyzed through ANOVA, Pearson correlation and Chi-square tests using SPSS 16. The relationship between self-efficacy, general health and burnout (latent factors) were studied using structural equation modeling with Stata 14.
RESULTS
The mean age of participants was 36.97 ± 7.60 years, and the mean number of years work experience was 12.29 ± 7.57. The mean scores of general health, self-efficacy and burnout were 28.24 ± 11.14, 62.30 ± 9.21 and 81.67 ± 22.18, respectively. The results of the study showed a statistically significant relationship between self-efficacy and general health which equals −0.32. A statistically significant relationship also existed between burnout scores and general health scores (beta = 0.78).
CONCLUSION
The results showed that high self-efficacy improves the general health of employees at the Shahroud University of Medical Sciences and reduces burnout. Special attention should be paid to self-efficacy in the prevention of burnout.

Keyword

burnout; health; self efficacy
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