Arch Plast Surg.  2019 Nov;46(6):498-510. 10.5999/aps.2019.00416.

The use of autologous fat grafts in breast surgery: A literature review

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, Amerikan Estetik Clinic, Istanbul, Turkey.
  • 2Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, Bagcilar Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey. mlh_s@yahoo.com
  • 3Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, Kartal Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Abstract

Autologous fat injection was first described roughly a century ago and has been used in surgery ever since. In addition to its use in many surgical fields, it is also frequently used for both aesthetic and reconstructive purposes in breast surgery. Since the application of fat grafting in breast surgery has steadily increased, studies investigating its reliability have simultaneously become increasingly common. Previous studies have reported that the use of fat grafting in breast surgery is reliable, but some pending questions remain about its routine use. In order to use fat grafts successfully in breast surgery, it is necessary to be familiar with the structure and content of adipose tissue, the efficacy of adipose stem cell-enriched fat grafts, the oncological safety of fat grafts, and the problems that may occur in the radiological follow-up of patients who undergo fat grafting procedures. In this literature review, we aim to discuss the use of fat grafts in breast surgery by investigating these common problems.

Keyword

Adipose tissue; Autografting; Breast neoplasms; Mammaplasty; Mesenchymal stem cells

MeSH Terms

Adipose Tissue
Breast Neoplasms
Breast*
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Mammaplasty
Mesenchymal Stromal Cells
Transplantation, Autologous
Transplants*
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