J Korean Crit Care Nurs.  2019 Oct;12(3):13-23. 10.0000/jkccn.2019.12.3.13.

The Effect of Appreciative Inquiry on Positive Psychological Capital and Organizational Commitment of New Nurses

Affiliations
  • 1Registered Nurse, Samsung Medical Center, Korea.
  • 2Professor, Graduate School of Clinical Nursing Science, Sungkyunkwan University, Korea. iyyh@skku.edu

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to determine whether appreciative inquiry (AI) is an effective intervention for increasing the positive psychological capital and organizational commitment of new nurses. METHOD: The study used a nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design. The participants were 60 new nurses in a tertiary hospital in Seoul. The experimental group received 2 classes of AI education and in-unit AI activities. The control group received the existing education program.
RESULTS
There was no statistically significant difference in the positive psychological capital and organizational commitment between the experimental group and the control group over time. Satisfaction with the AI education scored 3.69, which was higher than the average. The reason why the experimental group members were satisfied with the program was that AI education helped them to adapt and the in-unit AI activities made staff more cooperative and the atmosphere of the unit more positive.
CONCLUSION
When applying AI activities to new nurses to promote positive psychological capital and organizational commitment, it is necessary to provide a workshop in which the participants can fully concentrate on education and to extend the period of use to one year in order to maintain the effect of AI activities.

Keyword

Appreciative inquiry; Positive psychological capital; Organizational commitment; New nurses

MeSH Terms

Atmosphere
Education
Methods
Seoul
Tertiary Care Centers
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