J Korean Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry.  2019 Oct;30(4):178-184. 10.5765/jkacap.190026.

The Effect of Community-Based Parent Education Program on Parenting Stress According to Adult Attachment Styles

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Psychiatry, Jeju National University School of Medicine, Jeju, Korea. yskcpy@jejunu.ac.kr
  • 2Department of Psychiatry, Kyungpook National University Hospital, Daegu, Korea.

Abstract


OBJECTIVES
The aim of this study was to measure the effect of a group-based parent education program on parenting stress and attitude and comparing the same according to adult attachment styles.
METHODS
Twenty-two mothers who enrolled in the parent education program participated in our study. The participants filled in the Korean version of the Experience in Close Relationship Revised (ECR-R), Korean-Parenting Stress Index-Short Form (K-PSI-SF), Maternal Behavior Research Instrument (MBRI), and Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90-R) before and after the program. We compared the pre - and post-scores of the groups and compared the differences in effect according to adult attachment styles.
RESULTS
For all study participants, the Parent Distress (p=0.023) and Total Parenting Stress (p=0.018) significantly declined after the parent education program. There were no differences in other variables. Within the secure attachment group, the Total Parenting Stress (p=0.008), Parent Distress (p=0.015), and Difficult Child (p=0.011) scores in the K-PSI-SF significantly decreased after participating in the program. The Difficult Child scores (p=0.040) significantly dropped in the K-PSI-SF post program within the secure attachment group, compared to the insecure attachment group.
CONCLUSION
The group-based parent education program impacted parenting stress. Depending on the adult attachment styles, the effect of the program varied.

Keyword

Parent education program; Parenting stress; Adult attachment style

MeSH Terms

Adult*
Child
Education*
Humans
Maternal Behavior
Mothers
Parenting*
Parents*
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