Yeungnam Univ J Med.  2019 Sep;36(3):219-224. 10.12701/yujm.2019.00199.

Factors that determine the Work Ability Index of street cleaners

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Occupational and Environment Medicine, Keimyung University Donsan Medical Center, Daegu, Korea. deresa.lee2@gmail.com
  • 2Department of Preventive Medicine, Keimyung University School of Medicine, Daegu, Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND
Korea has shown a rapid pace of aging and has become an aged society in a shorter period than Western countries. Therefore, it is important that middle-aged workers maintain their ability to work in the industrial field at the maximum level while maintaining their health. The purpose of this study was to analyze the factors affecting work ability and to use this data to maintain the working ability of middle-aged workers in the future.
METHODS
From 2015 to 2017, we surveyed 371 street cleaners who visited a health center for health promotion in a metropolitan city. The relationship between the general characteristics of the survey subjects and the Work Ability Index (WAI) was confirmed by a univariate analysis. Statistically significant (p<0.2) factors were selected and a multiple linear regression analysis was conducted with WAI scores as a dependent variable.
RESULTS
Age, body mass index, body fat percentage, the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test-Korea (AUDIT-K) scores, the Psychosocial Well-Being Index-Short Form (PWI-SF) scores, maximal oxygen consumption (VO(2max)), and hypertension showed statistically significant correlations with the WAI in the univariate analysis. In the multivariate analysis, the VO(2max), AUDIT-K scores, and PWI-SF scores were included in the regression equation. VO(2max) had the greatest effect on the standardization coefficient indicating the relative contribution of independent variables, followed by the AUDIT-K scores and the PWI-SF scores.
CONCLUSION
Programs to increase workers' physical work ability and alleviate psychosocial stress and drinking habits should be developed and implemented in the future.

Keyword

Middle aged; Oxygen consumption; Physical endurance; Work ability evaluation

MeSH Terms

Adipose Tissue
Aging
Body Mass Index
Drinking
Health Promotion
Humans
Hypertension
Korea
Linear Models
Middle Aged
Multivariate Analysis
Oxygen Consumption
Physical Endurance
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