J Korean Orthop Assoc.  1982 Jun;17(3):403-413. 10.4055/jkoa.1982.17.3.403.

Free Vascularized Fibular Graft Using Microsurgical Technique

Abstract

It is notoriously difficult to obtain a sound bony union of large segmental bone defects secondary to trauma or following tumor resection, infected nonunion, congenital pseudarthrosis of the tibia, and avascular necrosis of the femoral head with conventional methods. Recent advances in microsurgery have made it possible to provide a continuing circulation of blood in bone grafts so as to ensure viability. With the nutrient blood supply preserved, healing of the graft to the recipient bone is facilitated without the usual replacement of the graft by creeping substitution. Thus, the grafted bone is achieved more rapid stabilization of bone fragments separated by a large defect without sacrificing viability. Thirty nine cases of the free vascularized fibular graft had been performed in the Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Kyung Hee University Hospital during the period of 3 years from October 1978 to December 1981. Of these, ll cases were congenital pseudarthrosis of the tibia, 4 cases were tuberculous spondylitis, 4 cases were infected nonunion, 7 cases were large segmental bone defects secondary to trauma, 9 cases were avascular necrosis of the femoral head and the other was one case. The results were obtained as follows: 1. The advantages of free vascularized living fibular graft are one stage procedure, resistance of torsion and angular stress, union with rapid hypertrophy of the graft, a shorter immobilization period and more rapid incorporation of the graft into the recipient area. 2. Free vascularized fibular graft can be widely used in the field of Orthopedic surgery. 3. The fibula is the bone best suited for reconstruction of a defect in a long bone. 4. In children, distal tibiofibular synostosis must be performed. 5. For prevention of clawing toe, the muscles around the bone is meticulously dissected, 6. Evaluation by selective arteriography and isotopic scanning both before and after operation may be used to assess the viability of the fibula graft.

Keyword

Free vascularized fibular graft; Microsurgery

MeSH Terms

Angiography
Animals
Child
Fibula
Head
Hoof and Claw
Humans
Hypertrophy
Immobilization
Microsurgery
Muscles
Necrosis
Orthopedics
Pseudarthrosis
Spondylitis
Synostosis
Tibia
Toes
Transplants*
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