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Comparing Allografts to Autografts for Maintenance of Cervical Sagittal Parameters and Clinical Outcomes Following Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion with Anterior Cervical Plating

Heidt ST, Louie PK, Khan JM, Basques BA, Hirsch B, Varthi A, Paul JC, Goldberg E, An HS

OBJECTIVE: Current literature has not shown if using either allograft or autograft differentially affects postoperative cervical sagittal parameters. The goal of this study was to compare sagittal alignment and patient-reported...
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Outcomes of Non-Operative Management for Pseudarthrosis after Pedicle Subtraction Osteotomies at Minimum 5 Years Follow-Up

Kim YC, Kim KT, Kim CK, Hwang IY, Jin WY, Lenke LG, Cha JR

OBJECTIVE: Minimal data exist regarding non-operative management of suspected pseudarthrosis after pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO). This study reports radiographic and clinical outcomes of non-operative management for post-PSO pseudarthrosis at a...
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Risk Factors of Allogenous Bone Graft Collapse in Two-Level Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion

Woo JB, Son DW, Lee SH, Lee JS, Lee SW, Song GS

OBJECTIVE: Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) is commonly used surgical procedure for cervical degenerative disease. Among the various intervertebral spacers, the use of allografts is increasing due to its...
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Comparison of Cortical Ring Allograft and Plate Fixation with Autologous Iliac Bone Graft for Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion

Lee JC, Jang HD, Ahn J, Choi SW, Kang D, Shin BJ

STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study. PURPOSE: To compare the clinical and radiological outcomes of patients who underwent anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) supplemented with plate fixation using allograft with...
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Efficacy of Ilizarov External Fixation and Autologous Bone Grafting for Performing Arthrodesis on the Ankle Arthropathy with Risk Factors

Lee YS, Nam IH, Lee TH, Ahn GY, Lee YH, Lee HH, Hwang SH

PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to evaluate if the Ilizarov external fixation procedure with axial compression can help to obtain fusion across the ankle joint in patients with...
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Congenital Insensitivity to Pain with Anhidrosis: Five-Year-Old Girl with a Neglected Distal Femur Fracture

Woo SH, Kim TW, Bae JY, Kwak SH

Congenital insensitivity to pain with anhidrosis (CIPA) is a rare disease that affects the sensory and autonomic nervous system. The patients do not have the ability to sense different sensations,...
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Diagnosing Pseudoarthrosis After Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion

Lin W, Ha A, Boddapati , Yuan W, Riew KD

Radiographic confirmation of fusion after anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) surgery is a critical aspect of determining surgical success. However, there is a lack of established diagnostic radiographic parameters...
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Is S1 Alar Iliac Screw a Feasible Option for Lumbosacral Fixation?: A Technical Note

Wang Z, Boubez G, Shedid D, Yuh SJ, Sebaaly A

Nonunion at the lumbosacral junction is a classic complication of long construct and deformity corrections. Iliac fixations have been extensively studied in the literature and have demonstrated superior biomechanical proprieties...
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What is the Current Evidence on Vertebral Body Osteonecrosis?: A Systematic Review of the Literature

Formica M, Zanirato A, Cavagnaro , Basso M, Divano S, Formica C, Felli L

Osteonecrosis (ON) is a clinical entity characterized by a pattern of cell death and complex process of bone resorption and formation. Studies related to ON have largely focused on certain...
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Do Pedicle Screws in Concave Apex of Scoliosis Offer Any Advantages?

Pithwa YK

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data. PURPOSE: To assess the relative advantages of implant constructs with and without pedicle screws in the concave apex for correcting scoliosis. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE:...
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Functional Outcomes of Subaxial Spine Injuries Managed With 2-Level Anterior Cervical Corpectomy and Fusion: A Prospective Study

Jain V, Madan A, Thakur M, Thakur A

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the results of operative management of subaxial spine injuries managed with 2-level anterior cervical corpectomy and fusion with a cervical locking plate and autologous bone–filled titanium mesh...
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Management of Andersson Lesion in Ankylosing Spondylitis Using the Posterior-Only Approach: A Case Series of 18 Patients

Shaik I, Bhojraj SY, Prasad G, Nagad PB, Patel PM, Kashikar A, Kumar N

STUDY DESIGN: This retrospective study was conducted including 18 patients who underwent posterior-only stabilization and fusion procedure for pseudoarthrosis in the ankylosed spine from October 2007 to May 2015. PURPOSE: This...
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A Computed Tomography Analysis of the Success of Spinal Fusion Using Ultra-Low Dose (0.7 mg per Facet) of Recombinant Human Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2 in Multilevel Adult Degenerative Spinal Deformity Surgery

Liu G, Tan JH, Yang C, Ruiz J, Wong HK

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. PURPOSE: To report on spinal fusion assessment using computed tomography (CT) after adult spinal deformity (ASD) surgery using ultra-low dose recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein 2...
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Risk Factors for Pseudarthrosis in Minimally-Invasive Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion

Emami A, Faloon M, Sahai N, Dunn CJ, Issa K, Thibaudeau D, Sinha K, Hwang KS

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study (level of evidence: 4). PURPOSE: To describe the potential comorbid, operative, and radiographic risk factors for the development of clinically-relevant pseudarthrosis following minimally-invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody...
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A Lower T1 Slope as a Predictor of Subsidence in Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion with Stand-Alone Cages

Lee SH, Lee JS, Sung SK, Son DW, Lee SW, Song GS

OBJECTIVE: Preoperative parameters including the T1 slope (T1S) and C2–C7 sagittal vertical axis (SVA) have been recognized as predictors of kyphosis after laminoplasty, which is accompanied by posterior neck muscle...
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Bilateral First Rib Stress Fractures with Pseudoarthrosis in a Young Weightlifter: A Rare Cause of Shoulder Pain

Kim JB, Hong S

Isolated stress fracture of the first rib is quite rare cause of uncertain shoulder pain in athletes. These fractures are stress induced and precipitated by repeated traction of muscles acting...
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Delayed Vertebral Collapse in Osteoporotic Vertebral Compression Fractures: Risk Factors and Treatment Strategies

Lee JH, Shin SJ, Shin WJ

STUDY DESIGN: Literature review. OBJECTIVES: To review the complications of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OCFs) with regard to risk factors and treatment strategies. SUMMARY OF LITERATURE REVIEW: Understanding the complications and treatment...
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Outcomes of Revision Surgery Following Instrumented Posterolateral Fusion in Degenerative Lumbar Spinal Stenosis: A Comparative Analysis between Pseudarthrosis and Adjacent Segment Disease

Suh SP, Jo YH, Jeong HW, Choi WR, Kang CN

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. PURPOSE: We examined the clinical and radiological outcomes of patients who received revision surgery for pseudarthrosis or adjacent segment disease (ASD) following decompression and instrumented posterolateral fusion...
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Circumferential Fusion through All-Posterior Approach in Andersson Lesion

Rajoli SR, Kanna RM, Aiyer SN, Shetty AP, Rajasekaran S

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. PURPOSE: To assess safety and efficacy of single stage, posterior stabilisation and anterior cage reconstruction through the transforaminal or lateral extra-cavitary route for Andersson lesions. OVERVIEW OF...
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A Prospective Study of Clinical and Radiological Outcomes of Zero-Profile Cage Screw Implants for Single-Level Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion: Is Segmental Lordosis Maintained at 2 Years?

Basu S, Rathinavelu S

STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. PURPOSE: To study clinicoradiological parameters of zero-profile cage screw used for anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF). OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Radiological parameters of various implants used for...
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