Korean Circ J.  2019 Jun;49(6):545-554. 10.4070/kcj.2018.0350.

Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension and Pregnancy: Single Center Experience in Current Era of Targeted Therapy

Affiliations
  • 1Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Heart Vascular Stroke Institute, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. elisabet.chang@gmail.com
  • 2Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
  • 3Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
  • 4Department of Pediatrics, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract


OBJECTIVES
To report our experiences in pregnant patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) who were treated with targeted therapy.
METHODS
From 2011 to 2017, women who decided to maintain pregnancies in our PAH clinic were included. Clinical data, management, and outcomes of the mothers and fetuses were reviewed.
RESULTS
Nine women with PAH and 10 deliveries were reviewed. The median maternal age was 28 (26-32) years old. The functional status of each patient was New York Heart Association functional class II or III at first visit. Sildenafil was prescribed in advance in 9 cases of delivery. Multidiscipline team approach management and intensive care were performed during the peripartum period. There was no maternal or fetal mortality. Severe cardiac events occurred in 2 patients with Eisenmenger syndrome: cardiac arrest and uncontrolled arrhythmia. Non-cardiac events occurred in 3 cases: postpartum bleeding, urinary tract infection, and pneumonia. The median gestational period at delivery was about 34 (32-38) weeks. Three cases were emergent delivery because of unexpected preterm labor. Intrauterine growth restriction developed in 4 fetuses.
CONCLUSIONS
Pregnancy could be maintained by the introduction of targeted therapy rather more safely than the previous era in the case of maintenance of pregnancy. Intensive care and a multidisciplinary team approach can possibly improve the outcomes of the pregnant women with PAH and their babies. However, pregnancy in patients with PAH is still strongly prohibited and it can be tried in expert center where there has sufficient multidisciplinary team approach in case of inevitability.

Keyword

Hypertension, pulmonary; Pregnancy

MeSH Terms

Arrhythmias, Cardiac
Critical Care
Eisenmenger Complex
Female
Fetal Mortality
Fetus
Heart
Heart Arrest
Hemorrhage
Humans
Hypertension*
Hypertension, Pulmonary
Maternal Age
Mothers
Obstetric Labor, Premature
Peripartum Period
Pneumonia
Postpartum Period
Pregnancy*
Pregnant Women
Sildenafil Citrate
Urinary Tract Infections
Sildenafil Citrate
Full Text Links
  • KCJ
Actions
Cited
CITED
export Copy
Close
Share
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Similar articles
Copyright © 2022 by Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors. All rights reserved.     E-mail: koreamed@kamje.or.kr