J Bacteriol Virol.  2018 Dec;48(4):137-146. 10.4167/jbv.2018.48.4.137.

Cysteine-Added Mutants of Turnip Yellow Mosaic Virus

Affiliations
  • 1School of Life Sciences, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju, Korea. tjcho@chungbuk.ac.kr

Abstract

Native turnip yellow mosaic virus (TYMV) is relatively unreactive to maleimide agents, indicating few reactive thiol groups on TYMV. In the present study, we aimed to construct TYMV mutants that have reactive cysteine residues on the surface. To this end, we prepared a library of TYMV mutants where the Thr residue at the C-terminus of coat protein (CP) was replaced by a random sequence of six amino acids that included one cysteine. This library was introduced into Nicotiana benthamiana by agroinfiltration. The CP sequence of the TYMV RNA isolated from inoculated leaves was amplified by reverse transcription-PCR and then used to construct a second library. This process was repeated one more time, and the CP sequences of the TYMV RNA in the inoculated leaves were analyzed. Based on the analysis of over 11,000 CP sequences, the Cys mutants representing most abundant TYMV RNAs were constructed. Analysis of the mutants showed that four Cys mutants were nearly comparable to wildtype with respect to CP and viral RNA levels in N. benthamiana. All these mutants were highly reactive to fluoresceine-5-maleimide. This demonstrates that TYMV can be modified to have additional functional groups on the surface that would be useful for drug delivery.

Keyword

TYMV; Cys-added mutant; Reactive cysteine

MeSH Terms

Amino Acids
Brassica napus*
Cysteine
RNA
RNA, Viral
Tobacco
Tymovirus*
Amino Acids
Cysteine
RNA
RNA, Viral
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