Ann Surg Treat Res.  2019 Jun;96(6):319-325. 10.4174/astr.2019.96.6.319.

Laparoscopic end-to-end biliary reconstruction with T-tube for transected bile duct injury during laparoscopic cholecystectomy

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Hepatobiliary and Pancreas Surgery, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea. gshth@catholic.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
This report describes the laparoscopic end-to-end biliary reconstruction with T-tube for transected bile duct injury (BDI) during laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
METHODS
We performed a retrospective descriptive analysis for all patients with a transected BDI at a single institution. We collected and analyzed data for injury site and type, reconstruction methods, conversion rate, previous intervention, and outcomes.
RESULTS
Between January 2014 and December 2017, 2,901 patients underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy at a single institution. Among them, 8 patients experienced a transected BDI during laparoscopic cholecystectomy, so the surgeon performed laparoscopic end-to-end biliary reconstruction with T-tube. Our patient series consisted of 6 women (75%) and 2 men (25%) with a mean age of 48.3 years (median, 49 years; range, 29-77 years). Two cases were converted to open surgery. The most common injured site was the common bile duct (5 of 8, 62.5%). The most common injury type, using Bismuth's classification system, was type I (3 of 8, 37.5%). The mean operating time was 136.8 minutes (median, 135.0 minutes; range, 0-180.0 minutes). The mean hospital stay was 7.0 days (median, 4.5 days, range: 3.0-21.0 days). The mean follow-up was 36.4 months (median, 34.0 months; range, 16.0-63.0 months). We observed one postoperative complication during the follow-up period. The patient had an anastomosis site leakage and was cured after reoperation.
CONCLUSION
Laparoscopic end-to-end biliary reconstruction with T-tube for transected BDI during laparoscopic cholecystectomy seems to be safe and feasible in selected patients. However, long-term follow-up to identify complications from bile duct stricture remains important.

Keyword

Bile duct injury; Laparoscopy; Cholecystectomy; T-tube

MeSH Terms

Bile Ducts*
Bile*
Cholecystectomy
Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic*
Classification
Common Bile Duct
Constriction, Pathologic
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Laparoscopy
Length of Stay
Male
Postoperative Complications
Reoperation
Retrospective Studies
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