J Korean Med Sci.  2019 Feb;34(5):e42. 10.3346/jkms.2019.34.e42.

Study Design for the 2016 Baseline Survey of a Health System Strengthening Project in Quoc Oai District, Hanoi, Vietnam

  • 1Center for Population Health Sciences, Hanoi University of Public Health, Hanoi, Vietnam. hvm@huph.edu.vn
  • 2JW LEE Center for Global Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. oh328@snu.ac.kr
  • 3Department of Family Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
  • 4Department of International Cooperation, Ministry of Health, Hanoi, Vietnam.
  • 5Department of Global Health, Hanoi Medical University, Hanoi, Vietnam.
  • 6Department of Health Organization and Management, Hanoi Medical University, Hanoi, Vietnam.
  • 7Seoul National University School of Dentistry, Seoul, Korea.
  • 8Seoul National University College of Nursing, Seoul, Korea.
  • 9Seoul National University School of Public Health, Seoul, Korea.
  • 10Department of Global Health and Population, Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA.
  • 11Health Strategy and Policy Institute, Hanoi, Vietnam.
  • 12Department of Biostatistics and Health Informatics, Hanoi Medical University, Hanoi, Vietnam.


In order to provide essential scientific evidence on the population's health status and social health determinants as well as the current capacity of the health care system in Vietnam to health policy makers and managers, Vietnam Ministry of Health, Hanoi University of Public Health, Hanoi Medical University, and Ho Chi Minh University of Medicine and Pharmacy collaborated with Seoul National University (Korea) and conducted a health system survey in the Quoc Oai district (of Hanoi capital) that represented northern rural Vietnam.
The study design was a cross-sectional study. The survey covered different topics (more than 200 questions) and was administered in three separate questionnaires: 1) Basic information of all household members; 2) Household characteristics; and 3) Individual characteristics. Socio-demographic characteristics among the households and individuals were collected from 2,400 households sampled by multi-stage cluster sampling method: more than 200 questions.
The household size of Quoc Oai was larger than the national average and there was no significant difference in gender composition. In addition, the proportions of pre-elderly, age 55-64, and elderly group (65 years old and over) were higher than the national population statistics. In this context, demographic transition has begun in Quoc Oai.
This study design description provides the basic information about a baseline survey of a future prospective cohort (as a part of a collaborative project on strengthening the health system in Vietnam) to the prospective data user of this survey.


Baseline Survey; Health System Strengthening; Vietnam

MeSH Terms

Cohort Studies
Cross-Sectional Studies
Delivery of Health Care
Family Characteristics
Health Policy
Population Characteristics
Population Dynamics
Prospective Studies
Public Health
Surveys and Questionnaires*
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