J Dent Anesth Pain Med.  2019 Feb;19(1):11-19. 10.17245/jdapm.2019.19.1.11.

Generation of novel hyaluronic acid biomaterials for study of pain in third molar intervention: a review

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand. natthamet.won@mahidol.ac.th

Abstract

Hyaluronic acid (HA) has long been studied in diverse applications. It is a naturally occurring linear polysaccharide in a family of unbranched glycosaminoglycans, which consists of repeating di-saccharide units of N-acetyl-D-glucosamine and D-glucuronic acid. It is almost ubiquitous in humans and other vertebrates, where it participates in many key processes, including cell signaling, tissue regeneration, wound healing, morphogenesis, matrix organization, and pathobiology. HA is biocompatible, biodegradable, muco-adhesive, hygroscopic, and viscoelastic. These unique physico-chemical properties have been exploited for several medicinal purposes, including recent uses in the adjuvant treatment for chronic inflammatory disease and to reduce pain and accelerate healing after third molar intervention. This review focuses on the post-operative effect of HA after third molar intervention along with its various physio-chemical, biochemical, and pharmaco-therapeutic uses.

Keyword

Biomaterial; Hyaluronic Acid; Third Molar; Intervention

MeSH Terms

Acetylglucosamine
Biocompatible Materials*
Glycosaminoglycans
Humans
Hyaluronic Acid*
Molar, Third*
Morphogenesis
Regeneration
Vertebrates
Wound Healing
Acetylglucosamine
Biocompatible Materials
Glycosaminoglycans
Hyaluronic Acid
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