Clin Should Elbow.  2018 Dec;21(4):240-245. 10.5397/cise.2018.21.4.240.

Posterior Shoulder Instability in the Patients with Bilateral Congenital Absence of Long Head of Biceps Tendon: A Case Report

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Dankook University College of Medicine, Cheonan, Korea. ssjb1990@dkuh.co.kr

Abstract

Rare cases of a congenital absence of the long head of the biceps tendon (LHBT) have been reported, and its incidence is unknown. In a literature review of the congenital absence of the LHBT, only 1 case was associated with posterior shoulder instability and severe posterior glenoid dysplasia. This paper reports the first case of a patient with a bilateral congenital absence of the LHBT with posterior shoulder instability without glenoid dysplasia or posterior glenoid tilt. The patient experienced a traffic accident while holding the gear stick with his right hand. After the accident, a posteroinferior labral tear with paralabral cysts was detected on the magnetic resonance images. The congenital absence of the LHBT was assumed to have affected the posterior instability that possibly increased the susceptibility to a subsequent traumatic posterior inferior labral tear. This case was identified as a posterior inferior tear caused by a traumatic "˜gear stick injury'.

Keyword

Shoulder; Instability; Biceps

MeSH Terms

Accidents, Traffic
Hand
Head*
Humans
Incidence
Shoulder*
Tears
Tendons*
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