J Minim Invasive Surg.  2018 Dec;21(4):154-159. 10.7602/jmis.2018.21.4.154.

Feasibility of Laparoscopic Surgery for Intussusception in Pediatric Patients and Risk of Bowel Resection

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Surgery, Dong-A University College of Medicine, Dong-A Medical Center, Busan, Korea. d011029@naver.com

Abstract

PURPOSE
Intussusception is a common cause of intestinal obstruction in children. While most patients can be treated by enema reduction, about 20% require surgery. We investigated the usefulness and feasibility of laparoscopic surgery and the intraoperative risk of bowel resection.
METHODS
We retrospectively reviewed pediatric patients who underwent surgery for intussusception from 2010 to 2017. We collected data for age, gender, body weight, associated symptoms, duration of symptoms, white blood cell count, operating time, and postoperative complications.
RESULTS
Of 155 patients, 37 (23.8%) underwent surgery due to enema reduction failure in 29 (78.3%), recurrence in 6 (16.3%), a suspicious lead point in 1, and suspicious ischemic change observed on ultrasonography in 1. The mean age was 26.8±18.9 months (range, 3.5~76.7 months), and the mean body weight was 12.9±3.9 kg (range, 5.4~22.2 kg). Laparoscopic surgery was successful in 29 patients (78.4%), and 7 (18.9%) needed bowel resection and anastomosis. The mean operating time was 56.7±32.8 min. A lead point was found in 3 patients in the bowel resection group (p=0.005); in addition, the operating time and hospital stay were longer in this group. There were no intra- or postoperative complications.
CONCLUSION
Laparoscopic surgery was successful in 78.4% of the patients with a short hospital stay and early oral intake. The only predictive factor for bowel resection was the presence of a lead point. Laparoscopic surgery may be an optimal treatment intervention for children with intussusception, except for those who show initial peritonitis.

Keyword

Intussusception; Laparoscopy; Small intestine

MeSH Terms

Body Weight
Child
Enema
Humans
Intestinal Obstruction
Intestine, Small
Intussusception*
Laparoscopy*
Length of Stay
Leukocyte Count
Peritonitis
Postoperative Complications
Recurrence
Retrospective Studies
Ultrasonography
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