Korean J Helicobacter Up Gastrointest Res.  2018 Mar;18(1):3-12. 10.7704/kjhugr.2018.18.1.3.

Clinical Review of Eosinophilic Esophagitis

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. leehyuk@skku.edu

Abstract

Eosinophilic esophagitis is a chronic inflammatory condition characterized by symptoms of esophageal dysfunction and eosinophil infiltration in the esophageal epithelium. The definition of eosinophilic esophagitis continues to evolve, most recently with the characterization of proton pump inhibitor-responsive esophageal eosinophilia. Diagnosis of eosinophilic esophagitis is based on consensus guidelines, but can be challenging because none of the symptoms, endoscopic findings, or histologic features are specific for eosinophilic esophagitis on their own. For treatment, either oral topical corticosteroids or dietary elimination therapy are reasonable first-line options. The choice will depend on both patient preference and clinician expertise. In cases with severe esophageal strictures, dilation is also performed. Proton pump inhibitors play an important role in current management.

Keyword

Diagnosis; Eosinophilic esophagitis; Therapeutics

MeSH Terms

Adrenal Cortex Hormones
Consensus
Constriction, Pathologic
Diagnosis
Eosinophilia
Eosinophilic Esophagitis*
Eosinophils*
Epithelium
Patient Preference
Proton Pump Inhibitors
Proton Pumps
Adrenal Cortex Hormones
Proton Pump Inhibitors
Proton Pumps
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