Allergy Asthma Respir Dis.  2018 Sep;6(Suppl 1):S52-S57. 10.4168/aard.2018.6.S1.S52.

Studies and proposals of childhood asthma in Korea

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Pediatrics, Inje University Seoul Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. J3176@paik.ac.kr

Abstract

This review mainly focuses on the academy and research group published on childhood asthma and aims to investigate the impact of Korean study results in this field. The International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) questionnaires have shown that the prevalence of childhood asthma is increasing worldwide. The ISAAC, which Korea joined in 1995, has enabled us to compare prevalence between countries. Korea has participated in three ISAAC surveys: 3 nationwide surveys in 1995, 2000, and 2010. The 12-month prevalence of asthma symptoms from the questionnaires was 4.9%-10.1% for children aged 6-7 years. In Korea, ISAAC surveys demonstrated that risk factors for asthma are obesity, secondhand smoking, diet patterns, raising pets, fever in infancy, and the use of antibiotics. However, because these were large-scale but cross-sectional studies, prospective cohort studies on growth patterns from prenatal through postnatal periods are needed to elucidate accurate risk factors. In 2016, 2 research groups were united to Korea childhood Asthma RESearch (KARES). Several studies were published from KARES. We reported prevalence of each asthma severity category and the controller prescription patterns according to asthma severity assessed by a Western (Global Initiative for Asthma) and an Asia-Pacific (Japanese Pediatric GuideLine) guideline were evaluated. And we translate the Test for Respiratory and Asthma Control in Kids instrument into Korean, with subsequent linguistic validation. The role of the Korean Academy of Pediatric Allergy and Respiratory Disease will be important for the prevent the child and adolescent asthma through the various Korean child data made.

Keyword

Asthma; Child; Prevalence; Questionnaire
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