Osong Public Health Res Perspect.  2018 Aug;9(4):175-184. 10.24171/j.phrp.2018.9.4.06.

Regional Differences of Mental Health Status and Associated Factors: Based on the Community Health Survey

  • 1Department of Healthcare Management, College of Health Science, Youngsan University, Yangsan, Korea. limjiart@ysu.ac.kr


The aim of this study was to determine whether there were differences in mental health specific to regions in Korea, and the factors that affected mental health status.
Data from the 2016 Community Health Survey in Korea were used; 224,421 health survey participants provided responses on mental health issues, demographics, and health behavior, and were included in the study.
A statistically significant difference was observed in the incidence of mental health status between different regions of Korea. Independent variables that affected mental health were sex, age, marital status, household income, economic activity, whether living with dementia patients, self-reported health status, smoking, alcohol drinking, sleep time, and chronic diseases. Risk factors associated with symptoms of depression were gender (female), bereavement or being divorced, low household income, family member with dementia, poor self-reported health status, currently smoking, level of physical activity, insufficient hours of sleep and suffering from chronic diseases.
This study suggests that a standardized healthcare policy is needed to reduce regional variation in mental health. In the future, similar studies that include medical expenses for mental healthcare and relevant variables according to regions of Korea should be conducted.


community; depression; health survey; mental health; region
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