Asian Spine J.  2018 Apr;12(2):195-201. 10.4184/asj.2018.12.2.195.

Chitosan Pad, Cellulose Membrane, or Gelatin Sponge for Peridural Bleeding: An Efficacy Study on a Lumbar Laminectomized Rat Model

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Orthopaedics, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand. sursea@kku.ac.th

Abstract

STUDY DESIGN: Experimental study in an animal model. PURPOSE: This study aims to evaluate the hemostatic properties of four common hemostatic materials including the chitosan clot pad, absorbable gelatin sponge, cellulose membrane, and gauze on peridural bleeding using a rat model. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Intraoperative bleeding during spinal surgery can lead to morbidities. Hemostatic materials have been developed, but the efficacy of these materials on peridural bleeding remains unclear.
METHODS
Forty 8-week-old Sprague-Dawley rats were used in this study. Under adequate anesthesia, each rat was posteriorly dissected to their L5 and L6 spinous processes. Bleeding from muscles and soft tissue dissections was stopped before lumbar bone cutting. Immediately after the L5-L6 laminae were cut and removed, the rats were randomly allocated to receive one of the abovementioned hemostatic materials. All hemostatic materials were placed over the raw surface of cut bone and dura and changed every 60 seconds. The procedure was stopped when there was no further bleeding. Time to staunching and amount of bleeding were recorded for statistical analysis.
RESULTS
The respective mean±standard deviation hemorrhage volume and time for the cellulose membrane, gelatin sponge, chitosan pad, and gauze were 1.19±0.44, 1.03±0.72, 0.96±0.57, and 1.98±0.62 mL, respectively, and 2.9±0.6, 2.1±0.6, 1.7±0.5, and 2.9±1.0 minutes, respectively. The overall bleeding volumes for the cellulose membrane, gelatin sponge, and chitosan pad were significantly lower than the overall bleeding volume for gauze.
CONCLUSIONS
Chitosan clot pads, gelatin sponges, and cellulose membranes have better hemostatic properties than gauze. The chitosan pad had the lowest average bleeding volume, followed by gelatin sponge and cellulose membrane.

Keyword

Hemostatics; Hemorrhage; Chitosan; Cellulose; Gelatin

MeSH Terms

Anesthesia
Animals
Cellulose*
Chitosan*
Gelatin Sponge, Absorbable
Gelatin*
Hemorrhage*
Hemostatics
Membranes*
Models, Animal*
Muscles
Porifera*
Rats*
Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Cellulose
Chitosan
Gelatin
Hemostatics
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