Arch Craniofac Surg.  2017 Dec;18(4):282-286. 10.7181/acfs.2017.18.4.282.

Sinus Tract Formation with Chronic Inflammatory Cystic Mass after Beta Tricalcium Phosphate Insertion

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University, Anyang, Korea. hyoseob.lim@gmail.com

Abstract

Beta tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) is one of allogenic bone substitute which is known to have interconnected pores that draws cell and nutrients for bone generation. It has been resulted in good outcomes for bone defect coverage or augmentation. However, several studies have also reported negative outcomes and associated complications including unexpected formation of cystic mass, continuous pain and secretion. We present the case of a 36-year-old man with a right cheek cystic mass who had a history of right zygomaticomaxillary (ZM) complex fracture and surgical correction with β-TCP powder insertion to ZM bone defect. Excisional biopsy under local anesthesia revealed calcified mass in a sinus tract which was found to be connected to the ZM bone defect site in postoperative computed tomography image. Further excision under general anesthesia was performed to remove the sinus tract and fine granules which filled the original defect site. Pathologic report revealed bony spicules and calcification materials with chronic foreign body reaction. Postoperative complications and recurrence were not reported.

Keyword

Beta tricalcium phosphate; Complication; Foreign body reaction

MeSH Terms

Adult
Anesthesia, General
Anesthesia, Local
Biopsy
Bone Substitutes
Cheek
Foreign-Body Reaction
Humans
Postoperative Complications
Recurrence
Bone Substitutes
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