Radiat Oncol J.  2017 Mar;35(1):71-77. 10.3857/roj.2016.02005.

Radiotherapy for locally recurrent rectal cancer treated with surgery alone as the initial treatment

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Radiology, Gifu University, Gifu, Japan. htanaka-gif@umin.ac.jp
  • 2Division of Radiation Oncology, Gifu University Hospital, Gifu, Japan.

Abstract

PURPOSE
Although the technical developments of radiotherapy have been remarkable, there are currently few reports on the treatment results of radiotherapy for local recurrence of rectal cancer treated with surgery alone as initial treatment in this three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy era. Thus, we retrospectively evaluated the treatment results of radiotherapy for local recurrence of rectal cancer treated with surgery alone as the initial treatment.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
Thirty-two patients who underwent radiotherapy were enrolled in this study. The dose per fraction was 2.0-3.5 Gy. Because the treatment schedule was variable, the biological effective dose (BED) was calculated.
RESULTS
Local control (LC) and overall survival (OS) rates from the completion of radiotherapy were calculated. The 1-, 2-, 3-, 4-, and 5-year LC rates were 51.5%, 24.5%, 19.6%, 19.6%, and 13.1%, respectively. LC rates were significantly higher for the high BED group (≥75 Gy10) than for the lower BED group (<75 Gy10). All patients who reported pain achieved pain relief. The duration of pain relief was significantly higher for the high BED group than for the lower BED group. The 1-, 2-, 3-, 4-, and 5-year OS rates were 82.6%, 56.5%, 45.2%, 38.7%, and 23.2%, respectively. There was a trend toward higher OS rates in with higher BED group compared to lower BED group.
CONCLUSION
For patients with unresectable locally recurrent rectal cancer treated with surgery alone, radiotherapy is effective treatment. The prescribed BED should be more than 75 Gy10, if the dose to the organ at risk is within acceptable levels.

Keyword

Rectal cancer; Radiotherapy; Locally recurrent of rectal cancer

MeSH Terms

Appointments and Schedules
Humans
Radiotherapy*
Radiotherapy, Conformal
Rectal Neoplasms*
Recurrence
Retrospective Studies
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