J Korean Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry.  2017 Oct;28(4):228-234. 10.5765/jkacap.2017.28.4.228.

Clinical Characteristics of Aggressive Behavior Problems in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: Preliminary Study

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, National Center for Mental Health, Seoul, Korea. yhyang12@korea.kr
  • 2Center for Behavior Development, National Center for Mental Health, Seoul, Korea.
  • 3Department of Clinical Psychology, National Center for Mental Health, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract


OBJECTIVES
The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical characteristics of aggressive behavior problems in children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD).
METHODS
Children and adolescents with ASD, aged 6-18 years, were included in this study. We divided them into two groups according to the presence or absence of aggressive behavior. They were assessed using three scales, the Korean-Child Behavior Checklist (K-CBCL), Behavior Problem Inventory, and Social Communication Questionnaire, which were completed by their parents, who conducted a continuous performance test to evaluate their attention function. The statistical analysis was done using the Mann-Whitney U-test between the two groups at a p-value of 0.05.
RESULTS
A total of 17 children participated in this study. Ten children (7 boys, 12.4±4.27 years) were included in the group with aggressive behavior problems and 7 children (6 boys, 13.8±3.53 years) in the group without aggressive behavior problems. There were no significant differences in the age, gender or intelligence quotient of the two groups. The children with aggressive behavior problems showed a trend of higher T-scores in the attention problems and anxiety/depressed subscale of the CBLC (p<0.1).
CONCLUSION
The results suggest that aggressive behavior problems in children with ASD may be related to their attention problems, anxiety and depression.

Keyword

Aggression; Autism spectrum disorder; Attention

MeSH Terms

Adolescent
Aggression
Anxiety
Autism Spectrum Disorder*
Autistic Disorder*
Checklist
Child*
Depression
Humans
Intelligence
Parents
Weights and Measures
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