J Gastric Cancer.  2017 Mar;17(1):11-20. 10.5230/jgc.2017.17.e2.

Effect of Acupuncture on Postoperative Ileus after Distal Gastrectomy for Gastric Cancer

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Surgery, Catholic University of Daegu School of Medicine, Daegu, Korea. kih2yk@cu.ac.kr
  • 2Department of Radiology, Catholic University of Daegu School of Medicine, Daegu, Korea.
  • 3Department of Internal Medicine, College of Korean Medicine, Daegu Haany University, Daegu, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE
Acupuncture has recently been accepted as a treatment option for managing postoperative ileus (POI) and various functional gastrointestinal disorders. Therefore, we conducted a prospective randomized study to evaluate the effect of acupuncture on POI and other surgical outcomes in patients who underwent gastric surgery.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
Thirty-six patients who underwent distal gastrectomy for gastric cancer from March to December 2015 were randomly assigned to acupuncture or non-acupuncture (NA) groups at 1:1 ratio. The acupuncture treatment was administered treatment once daily for 5 consecutive days starting at postoperative day 1. The primary outcome measure was the number of remnant sitz markers in the small intestine on abdominal radiograph. The secondary outcome measure was the surgical outcome, including the times to first flatus, first defecation, start of water intake, and start of soft diet, as well as length of hospital stay and laboratory findings.
RESULTS
The acupuncture group had significantly fewer remnant sitz markers in the small intestine on postoperative days 3 and 5 compared to those in the NA group. A significant difference was observed in the numbers of remnant sitz markers in the small intestine with respect to group differences by time (P<0.0001). The acupuncture group showed relatively better surgical outcomes than those in the NA group, but the differences were not statistically significant.
CONCLUSIONS
In this clinical trial, acupuncture promoted the passage of sitz markers, which may reflect the possibility of reducing POI after distal gastrectomy.

Keyword

Acupuncture; Paralytic ileus; Sitz marker; Stomach neoplasms; Gastrectomy

MeSH Terms

Acupuncture*
Defecation
Diet
Drinking
Flatulence
Gastrectomy*
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Humans
Ileus*
Intestinal Pseudo-Obstruction
Intestine, Small
Length of Stay
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Prospective Studies
Stomach Neoplasms*
Full Text Links
  • JGC
Actions
Cited
CITED
export Copy
Close
Share
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Similar articles
    DB Error: unknown error