Maxillofac Plast Reconstr Surg.  2017 Feb;39(2):5. 10.1186/s40902-017-0105-5.

The use of the buccal fat pad flap for oral reconstruction

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Dentistry, Gangneung-Wonju National University, 7 Jukhyun-gil, Gangneung, 25457 Republic of Korea.
  • 2Han Dental Clinic, Guri, Republic of Korea. kimsg@gwnu.ac.kr

Abstract

Many congenital and acquired defects occur in the maxillofacial area. The buccal fat pad flap (BFP) is a simple and reliable flap for the treatment of many of these defects because of its rich blood supply and location, which is close to the location of various intraoral defects. In this article, we have reviewed BFP and the associated anatomical background, surgical techniques, and clinical applications. The surgical procedure is simple and has shown a high success rate in various clinical applications (approximately 90%), including the closure of oroantral fistula, correction of congenital defect, treatment of jaw bone necrosis, and reconstruction of tumor defects. The control of etiologic factors, size of defect, anatomical location of defect, and general condition of patient could influence the prognosis after grafting. In conclusion, BFP is a reliable flap that can be applied to various clinical situations.

Keyword

Keywords; Buccal fat pad flap; Defect; Reconstruction; Oral; Wound epithelialization

MeSH Terms

Adipose Tissue*
Congenital Abnormalities
Humans
Jaw
Necrosis
Oroantral Fistula
Prognosis
Re-Epithelialization
Transplants
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