Pediatr Emerg Med J.  2016 Dec;3(2):53-58. 10.22470/pemj.2016.3.2.53.

Difference in the epidemiologic and clinical characteristics by age groups of the children who visited a hand center emergency department with a hand injury requiring surgery

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Emergency Medicine, Gwangmyeong Sungae Hospital, Gwangmyeong, Korea. medicys@naver.com

Abstract

PURPOSE
We aimed to describe the difference in the epidemiologic and clinical characteristics by age groups of the children with hand injuries requiring surgery who visited the emergency department (ED) of a community hospital that runs a hand center.
METHODS
We reviewed 388 consecutive children with hand injuries requiring surgery, aged < 16 years, who visited the ED from January 2011 through September 2016. Information was obtained regarding age and gender of the children, seasonal and daily distribution of the visits, location, cause, site, and level of the injury, the diagnosis, and presence of serious injury. The children were classified into 3 age groups; toddlers (0 to 3 years), preschoolers (4 to 6 years), and schoolers (7 to 15 years). Severe injury was defined as amputation or crush injury.
RESULTS
Mean age of the children was 7.4 ± 5.0 years and boys accounted for 65.7%. The most frequent visits occurred during the weekend (53.1%) and in spring (30.7%), and most children visited the ED with injuries that occurred at home and indoors (55.2% and 79.9%, respectively). The most common cause, site, and level of the injury were sharp object (34.8%), fingers other than the thumb and index finger (64.7%), and the distal phalanx (46.7%), respectively. In the toddler group, domestic, indoor, door-related, and distal phalanx injuries were more common than in the schooler group (P < 0.001). Physical contact or sharp object-related injuries increased with increasing age (P < 0.001). Severe injuries were more common among the toddlers than the schoolers (P < 0.001).
CONCLUSION
In the toddler group, domestic, indoor, door-related, distal phalanx, and severe injuries were more common than in the schooler group. These characteristics by age groups would aid in preventing hand injury in children, especially toddlers.

Keyword

Age Groups; Amputation; Crush Injuries; Hand Injuries; Pediatrics

MeSH Terms

Amputation
Child*
Diagnosis
Emergencies*
Emergency Service, Hospital*
Fingers
Hand Injuries*
Hand*
Hospitals, Community
Humans
Pediatrics
Seasons
Thumb
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