Clin Exp Reprod Med.  2016 Dec;43(4):228-232. 10.5653/cerm.2016.43.4.228.

Pretreatment of normal responders in fresh in vitro fertilization cycles: A comparison of transdermal estradiol and oral contraceptive pills

Affiliations
  • 1Ronald O. Perelman and Claudia Cohen Center for Reproductive Medicine, Weill Cornell Medical Center, New York, NY, USA. nip9060@med.cornell.edu
  • 2Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY, USA.

Abstract


OBJECTIVE
The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of pretreatment with transdermal estradiol (Eâ‚‚) compared to oral contraceptive pills (OCPs) on controlled ovarian stimulation (COS) response in normal responders undergoing fresh in vitro fertilization (IVF)-embryo transfer (ET) cycles.
METHODS
A retrospective cohort study was performed of normal responders undergoing fresh IVF-ET cycles who received pretreatment with transdermal Eâ‚‚ versus OCPs prior to fresh IVF-ET. The total days of ovarian stimulation, total dosage of gonadotropins, total number of oocytes, and mature oocytes retrieved were noted. Pregnancy outcomes after ET were also recorded.
RESULTS
A total of 2,092 patients met the inclusion criteria: 1,057 and 1,035 patients in the transdermal Eâ‚‚ and OCP groups, respectively. Patients in the OCP group had a longer duration of COS (10.7±1.63 days, p<0.01) than the Eâ‚‚ group (9.92±1.94 days). Patients in the OCP group also required higher cumulative doses of gonadotropins (2,657.3±1,187.9 IU) than those in the Eâ‚‚ group (2,550.1±1,270.2 IU, p=0.002). No statistically significant differences were found in the total and mature oocytes retrieved or in the rates of biochemical pregnancy, clinical pregnancy, spontaneous miscarriage, and live birth between the groups.
CONCLUSION
Our findings suggest that compared to OCPs, pretreatment with transdermal Eâ‚‚ is associated with a shorter duration of ovarian stimulation and lower gonadotropin utilization, without compromising the oocyte yield or pregnancy outcomes in normal-responder patients undergoing fresh IVF.

Keyword

Contraceptives, Oral, Combined; In vitro fertilization; Reproductive techniques, Assisted; Superovulation; Transdermal patch

MeSH Terms

Abortion, Spontaneous
Cohort Studies
Contraceptives, Oral, Combined
Estradiol*
Female
Fertilization in Vitro*
Gonadotropins
Humans
In Vitro Techniques*
Live Birth
Oocytes
Ovulation Induction
Pregnancy
Pregnancy Outcome
Reproductive Techniques, Assisted
Retrospective Studies
Superovulation
Transdermal Patch
Contraceptives, Oral, Combined
Estradiol
Gonadotropins
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