Korean J Med Educ.  2015 Sep;27(3):221-225. 10.3946/kjme.2015.27.3.221.

The differences in self-efficacy in clinical performance between medical students and residents

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Medical Education, Chonbuk National University Medical School, Jeonju, Korea.
  • 2Department of Medical Education, Gachon University College of Medicine, Incheon, Korea. ghpark@gachon.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to compare the differences in self-efficacy in clinical performance (SECP) between medical students and residents.
METHODS
A total of 267 medical students and 110 residents participated in a survey on SECP with regard to seven factors: knowledge acquisition and application, clinical reasoning, clinical skills, communication with patients, relationships with other health professionals, medical ethics, and self-development. The data were examined by multivariate analysis of variance.
RESULTS
Residents had higher scores for clinical skills than students (F[1, 372]=8.919, p<0.01), whereas students scored significantly higher for communication with patients (F[1, 372]=26.779, p<0.001), relationships with other health professionals (F[1, 372]=12.807, p<0.001), medical ethics (F[1, 372]=40.136, p<0.001), and self-development (F[1, 372]=32.380, p<0.001). There were no differences between genders or specialties of residents.
CONCLUSION
There are differences in SECP between students and residents. These results can guide the design of self-efficacy improvement programs.

Keyword

Self-efficacy; Clinical performance; Medical students; Resident
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