Korean J Hosp Palliat Care.  2016 Dec;19(4):296-302. 10.14475/kjhpc.2016.19.4.296.

Effectiveness of Hand Massage Combined with Analgesics on Pain Control in Patients with Terminal Cancer

Affiliations
  • 1National Health Insurance Service Ilsan Hospital, Goyang, Korea. 57cy@daum.net

Abstract

PURPOSE
This study examined the effectiveness of a hand massage combined with analgesics on pain control in hospice patients with terminal cancer.
METHODS
This study is a quasi-experimental study with a single group time series design. The study included 25 terminal cancer patients who were admitted to a hospice ward. Each patient's pain level was measured after analgesics use only (control group). When patients complained of pain again, the pain level was assessed after administering a combination of hand massage and analgesics (experimental group). As for the experimental treatment, the participants were provided with oil hand massage on each hand for 5 minutes.
RESULTS
The experimental group and the control group showed no significant differences in the changes of pain score (F=0.74, P=0.3939).
CONCLUSION
Although the pain level of the experimental group did not significantly improve compared with the control group, their pain levels tended to be low to begin with. Thus, a complementary utility value of hand massage cannot be completely excluded in terminal cancer patients. Since the pain level significantly changed according to the dosage of analgesic, nurses need more education and research on analgesic drug therapy for terminal cancer patients.

Keyword

Hospice care; Hand; Massage; Pain

MeSH Terms

Analgesics*
Drug Therapy
Education
Hand*
Hospice Care
Hospices
Humans
Massage*
Non-Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
Analgesics
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