Korean J Hosp Palliat Care.  2016 Dec;19(4):283-291. 10.14475/kjhpc.2016.19.4.283.

Advances in Hospice and Palliative Care in Japan: A Review Paper

Affiliations
  • 1Palliative Care Team, Seirei Mikatahara General Hospital, Hamamatsu, Japan. masanori.mori@sis.seirei.or.jp
  • 2Division of Palliative and Supportive Care, Seirei Mikatahara General Hospital, Hamamatsu, Japan.

Abstract

Over the past decade, hospice and palliative care in Japan have progressed rapidly under the national policies supported by the Cancer Control Act. The numbers of palliative care units/inpatient hospices, hospital palliative care teams, and clinics with a home hospice function have been steadily increasing. The increasing numbers of physicians, nurses, and pharmacists have been certified as specialists in palliative care by national associations. Collaborative efforts have been made to standardize and disseminate educational programs and training opportunities in undergraduate, postgraduate, and continuing medical education. Research activities in Japan have markedly contributed to the growing body of evidence, especially in the fields of terminal delirium, terminal dehydration, palliative sedation, care for dying patients, prognostication, communication, psycho-oncology, and regional palliative care programs. This review focuses on major palliative care settings, specialty, national associations, education, and research in palliative care in Japan.

Keyword

Hospices; Palliative care; Japan

MeSH Terms

Dehydration
Delirium
Education
Education, Medical, Continuing
Hospices*
Humans
Japan*
Palliative Care*
Pharmacists
Specialization
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