Gastrointest Interv.  2016 Oct;5(3):170-176. 10.18528/gii.2016.5.3.170.

Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunts versus balloon-occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration for the management of gastric varices: Treatment algorithm according to clinical manifestations

Affiliations
  • 1Interventional Radiology, Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology, Washington University St. Louis School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO, USA. kims@mir.wustl.edu

Abstract

Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunts (TIPS) are widely used in the management of bleeding gastric varices (GV). More recently, several studies have demonstrated balloon-occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration (BRTO) as an effective treatment method for bleeding isolated GV, especially in patients with contraindications for a TIPS placement. Both TIPS and BRTO can effectively treat bleeding GV with low rebleeding rates. Careful patient selection for TIPS and BRTO procedures is required to best treat the patient's individual clinical situation.

Keyword

Balloon occlusion; Embolization, therapeutic; Esophageal and gastric varices; Portosystemic shunt, transjugular intrahepatic

MeSH Terms

Balloon Occlusion
Embolization, Therapeutic
Esophageal and Gastric Varices*
Hemorrhage
Humans
Methods
Patient Selection
Portasystemic Shunt, Surgical*
Portasystemic Shunt, Transjugular Intrahepatic
Full Text Links
  • GII
Actions
Cited
CITED
export Copy
Close
Share
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Similar articles
Copyright © 2022 by Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors. All rights reserved.     E-mail: koreamed@kamje.or.kr