Int J Gastrointest Interv.  2020 Jul;9(3):125-127. 10.18528/ijgii200013.

Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt and transcatheter embolization treatment of duodenal variceal bleeding

  • 1Division of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, Department of Radiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA


We present a case of a 53-year-old male with alcoholic cirrhosis who presented with acute hematemesis and hematochezia. The patient was initially treated with esophagogastroduodenoscopy guided band ligation of a large duodenal varix. Our interventional radiology department planned to treat this varix with balloon-occluded antegrade transvenous obliteration via a transhepatic approach. However, his hospital course was further complicated by decreasing hemoglobin and new hematochezia necessitated emergency transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) placement. The patient underwent transcatheter embolization of the duodenal varices one day after the TIPS procedure due to recurrent bleeding. This case highlights the various decision points in the treatment algorithm for duodenal varices in the context of portal hypertension.


Duodenum; Embolization; Hemorrhage; Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt; Varicose veins
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